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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (20)
For Descartes, thinking and doubting that you exist is actually:
Proof that the mind and body are distinct.
Locke distinguishes between the identity conditions for a human and the identity conditions for a person. This distinction is:
The 'man' is the collection of particles of matter (or, roughly, the animal) and the 'person' is one's self.
The theory that all that exists is physical.
Rationalism refers to:
A reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action.
The identity theory has no trouble explaining how the mind and body causally interact because:
The identity theory claims that the mind is a part of the body; the mind is the brain.
Descartes argues against trusting the senses on the grounds that
They sometimes deceive him
Mind/brain identity theory
The mind is the same thing as the brain
John Locke's theory of personal identity focuses on:
Memories as what connects the different parts of our lives.
One objection to Descartes' dualism of the mind and the body could be:
We need to be able to explain how non-physical objects affect physical objects.
The theory that mental and physical things are completely different substances.
Descartes uses the method of doubt because...
He hopes that his use of doubt will enable him to discover self-evident, indubitable truths.
If I believe that I can gain some concepts and knowledge through reason, without the use of sense experience, then I am a(n) . . .
Social epistemologists would argue that the water tests of witches eventually ended because:
such tests produced many false results, showing they had little veritistic value
According to social epistemologists, the history of epistemology has primarily focused on:
individual solitary knowers
Which of the following is a premise in one of Descartes's arguments for dualism?
I can doubt that I have a body, but I cannot doubt that I have a mind.
Which of the following accurately describes Descartes's "causal" argument for the existence of God?
Descartes argues that the cause of a perfect idea must be a perfect being, and since his idea of God is a perfect idea, there must be a perfect being that caused that idea.
Take up space
Descartes holds that, since God is not a deceiver, anything that Descartes ________ to be true, must be true.
clearly and distinctly perceives
According to the Divided Line in Plato's Republic, which of these is the most "real"?
the ideal concept of fishness, or the ideal fish
According to Hume's distinction between matters of fact and relations of ideas, only the following is a matter of fact:
There are seven continents.
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