Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 12 American History (section 3)
Terms in this set (31)
said "the chief business of the American people is business... The man who builds a factory builds a temple-the man who works there worships there."
Calvin and Herbert
both favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up, and give business more available credit in order to expand; their goal was to keep government interference in business to a minimum and to allow private enterprise to flourish
placed high tariffs on foreign imports; which helped American manufactures; reducing income taxes meant that people had more money in their pockets; wages were rising because of new technology and so was productivity
What was the visible effect on automobile industries?
the construction of paved roads suitable for driving in all weather
provided a route for people trekking west from Chicago to California; many settled in towns along the route
new houses typically came equipped with a garage or carport and a driveway; rapid construction of gasoline stations, repair shops, public garages, motels, tourist camps, and shopping centers
first signals started in Detroit in the early 1920s
the first underwater tunnel designed specifically for motor vehicles opened in 1927 to connect NYC and Jersey City, New Jersey
the first cloverleaf intersection was built in New Jersey in 1929
How did the car effect families?
families could now travel to the city for shopping and entertainment; it also gave families the opportunity to vacation in new and faraway places; it allowed both men and women and young people to become more independent through increased mobility; allowed workers to live miles from their jobs
cities spreading in all directions
What cities did the automobile industry provide an economic base for?
Akron in Ohio, and Detroit, Dearborn, Flint; and Pontiac in Michigan; the industry drew people to such oil-producing states as California and Texas
By the late 1920s, how many cars were registeres
80% of registered cars in the world were in the U.S- about 1 car for every 5 people
said to Henry Ford, "It will take us a hundred years to tell whether you helped us or hurt us, but you certainly didn't leave us where you found us."
began as a small mail carrying service for the U.S Post Office; although the first flight in 1918 was a disaster, a number of successful flights soon established the airplane as a peacetime means of transportation
Charles Lindberg and Amelia Earhart
helped promote cargo and commercial airplanes; in 1927, the Lockheed Company produced a single-engine plane, the Vega; most popular transport airplanes of the late 1920s
Pan American Airways
founded in 1927; inaugurated the first transatlantic passenger flights
the years from 1920 to 1929, America owned around 40% of the world's wealth, and that wealth changed the way most Americans lived; annual income rose 35%; $522-$705; people found it easy to spend extra money
American Factories used electricity to run their machines; the development of an alternating electrical current made it possible to distribute electric power efficiently over longer distances
Electricity in the suburbs
electricity was no longer restricted to central cities but could be transmitted to suburbs; the number of electrified households grew, although most farms still lacked power; by the end of the 1920s, more and more homes had electric irons, while well-to-do families used electric refrigerators, cooking ranges, and toasters
How did electricity help women?
freed them for other community and leisure activities; and coincided with a growing trend of women working outside the home
no longer just informed the public about products and prices; hired psychologists to study how to appeal to people's desire for youthfulness, beauty, health, and wealth
"Say it with flowers"
doubled florists' business between 1912 and 1924
"Reach for a Lucky instead of a sweet"
lured weight-conscious Americans to cigarettes and away from candy; brand names became familiar from coast to coast, and luxury items now seemed like necessities
a 1923 ad aimed to convince readers that without Listerine a person ran the risk of having halitosis-bad breath- and that the results could be a disaster
Business people and ads
applied the power of advertising to other areas of American life; across the land, they met for lunch with fellow members of such service organizations as Rotary, Kiwanis, and the Lions; they sang songs and raised money for charities, and boosted the image of the business man, "as a builder, a doer or great things, yes, and a dreamer whose imagination was ever seeking out new ways of serving humanity."
during the 1920s, most Americans believed prosperity would go on forever- the average factory worker was producing 50% more at the end of the decade than at the beginning ; income growth grew from $64 billion to $87 billion
enabled people to buy goods over an extended period of time without having to put down much money at the time of purchase; banks provided money at low interest rates
installment plan worries
some economists and business owners worried that the installment buying might be getting out of hand and that it was really a sign of fundamental weaknesses behind a superficial economic prosperity
the president stood for economy and a frugal way of life, but he was favored by the public who had thrown all care to the wind
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 20 Section 3 : The Business of America
Chapter 12.3: The Business of America
Us History ch 20 section 3
Chapter 12 Section 3 The Business of America
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP English Vocab Page 7 31-40
AP English Vocab Page 7 21-30
AP English Vocab Page 7 11-20
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Food Marketing Final
Brave New World | Chapters 1-3