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38 terms

Criteria for Naming Skeletal Muscles

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muscle parallel to body midline
rectus
muscle perpendicular to body midline
transverse
muscle diagonal to body midline
oblique
largest
maximus
middle
medius
smallest
minimus
large
magnus
shortest
brevis
wide
latissimus
larger
major
smaller
minor
great
vastus
triangular
deltoid
trapezoid
trapezius
saw-toothed
serratus
diamond-shaped
rhomboid
circular
orbicularis
comb-like
pectinate
pear-shaped
piriformis
flat
platysma
square
quadratus
slender
gracilis
decreases joint angle
flexor
increases joint angle
extensor
moves bone away from midline
abductor
moves bone close to midline
adductor
elevates
levator
depresses
depressor
turns palm superiorly or anteriorly
supinator
turns palm inferiorly or posteriorly
pronator
decreases size of opening
sphincter
makes a body rigid
tensor
moves bone around longitudinal axis
rotator
two origins
biceps
three origins
triceps
four origins
quadriceps
located on the frontal bone
frontalis
originates on the sternum; inserts on the hyoid bone
sternohyoid