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5th Grade Math Review- AIR Test Prep
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Key Concepts:
Terms in this set (40)
sum
The answer in an addition problem
difference
The answer in a subtraction problem
product
The answer in a multiplication problem
quotient
The answer in a division problem
addend
A number that is added to another
factor
A number that is multiplied to another
dividend
The number to be divided; goes inside
divisor
The number used to divide another; goes outside
multiple
The result of multiplying a number by a whole number
decimal
A number that uses a decimal point to show digits less than one
fraction
One or more parts of a whole that is divided into equal parts
numerator
The number above the fraction bar; tells how many parts
denominator
The number below the fraction bar; tells how many parts are in the whole
improper fraction
A fraction whose numerator is greater than its denominator
mixed number
A number that contains a whole number and a fractional part
simplest form
A fraction in which the greatest common factor of the numerator and denominator is 1
greatest common factor (GCF)
The greatest number that is a factor of two or more given numbers
least common multiple (LCM)
The least number that is a multiple of two or more given numbers
least common denominator (LCD)
The least common multiple of the denominators of two or more fractions
face
The flat surface of a three-dimensional figure
edge
The line where two faces meet
vertex
The point where two or more edges meet
quadrilateral
A two-dimensional figure with four sides
parallelogram
A quadrilateral with opposite sides parallel and congruent
rectangle
A parallelogram with four right angels and opposite sides congruent
rhombus
A parallelogram with all side congruent
square
A parallelogram with four right angles and all sides congruent
trapezoid
A quadrilateral with only two parallel sides
triangle
A two-dimensional figure with three sides
coordinate plane
The plane made of horizontal and vertical number lines; used to locate points
ordered pair
A pair of numbers used to locate a specific point on a coordinate plane written as (x, y)
x-axis
The horizontal line on a coordinate plane
y-axis
The vertical line on a coordinate plane
origin
Where the x-axis and y-axis intersect; (0, 0)
perimeter
The distance around a figure; add all sides to solve
area
The amount of space inside a two-dimensional object; base x height
volume
The amount of space inside a three-dimensional object; base x height x width
inequality
A written statement indicating that two expressions are not equal
equation
A written statement indicating the equality of two expressions
prime number
A number that has only two factors, one and itself
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