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46 terms

FTCE English 6-12 Exam (Literary Devices)

Literary Devices Appearing on the Florida Teacher Certification Exam for English grades 6-12
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Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
Antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
Aphorism
a short pithy instructive saying
Apostrophe
address to an absent or imaginary person
Bathos
insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity
Blank Verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
Climax
arrangement of clauses in ascending order of forcefulness
Conceit
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
Connotation
the implied or associative meaning of a word
Consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
Epiphany
a moment of sudden revelation or insight
Euphemism
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term
Exposition
an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
Free Verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
Iambic Pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
Imagery
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
Inversion
the reversal of the normal order of words
Irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Kenning
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean.
Malapropism
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Metaphysical Poetry
The work of poets, particularly those of the seventeenth century, that uses elaborate conceits, is highly intellectual, and expresses the complexities of love and life
Metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Motif
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Octava Rima
eight iambic lines, usually iambic pentameters. Each stanza consists of three alternate rhymes and one double rhyme, following the a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c pattern.
Onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
Oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
Paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Parallelism
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
Personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
Quatrain
a stanza of four lines
Scansion
analysis of verse into metrical patterns
Slant Rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
Spenserian Stanza
a stanza with eight lines of iambic pentameter and a concluding Alexandrine with the rhyme pattern abab bcbc c
Sprung Rhythm
rhythm consisting of variable meter, which combines stressed and unstressed syllables fashioned by the author.
Stream of Consciousness
the continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience
Symbolism
the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning
Synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
Terza Rima
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
Tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
Wit
intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights