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14 terms

Human Resource Management

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Reliability
is the degree to which a measure of physical or cognitive abilities, or traits, is free from random error.
Correlation Coefficient
a measure of the degree to which two sets of numbers are related.
A perfect positive relationship equals +1.0
A perfect negative relationship equals - 1.0
Validity
is the extent to which performance on the measure is associated with performance on the job.
Criterion-Related Validation
is a method of establishing the validity of a personnel selection method by showing a substantial correlation between scores on the selection method and job-performance scores. The types include:
Content Validation
is a test-validation strategy performed by demonstrating that the items, questions, or problems posed by a test are a representative sample of the kinds of situations or problems that occur on the job.
Generalizability
is the degree to which the validity of a selection method established in one context extends to other contexts.
Utility
is the degree to which the information provided by selection methods enhances the effectiveness of selecting personnel in organizations
Civil Rights Act of 1991
This act protects individuals from discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, and national origin.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Covers individuals who are over the age of 40.
There is no protection for younger workers.
This act outlaws almost all "mandatory retirement" programs
American with Disabilities Act
Protects individuals with physical or mental disabilities (or with a history of the same).
legality
the selection method must conform to existing laws and legal precedents
Selection Interviews
are defined as a dialogue initiated by one or more persons to gather information and evaluate the qualifications of an applicant for employment.
Situational Interview
confronts applicants on specific issues, questions, or problems that are likely to arise on the job.
Cognitive Ability Test
differentiates individuals based on their mental rather than physical capacities.