The _ of modern business shows a network of information subsystems that exchange information with each other and with the world outside the system/
Thinking of an organization in terms of its suborganizations or subsystems called _ is a powerful management approach.
The main goals of _ systems are to increase the quality of customer service, reduce the amount of labor involved in serving customers, and learn as much as possible about the preferences of customers.
Customer Relationship Management
Business Intelligence Application systems access large pools of data,usually transactional records stored in large databases called _.
A _ is responsible for for the databases and data warehouses of an organization- a very sensitive and powerful position.
An Information system consists of all the components that work together to _ data and produce information.
A person who holds the position of CIO must have both technical understanding of current and developing _ technologies and business knowledge.
Growing web use for _ has pushed organizations to create alliances that would be unimaginable a few years ago.
A system can only help a company retain a competitive advantage if the company continuously modifies and enhances the system, creating a _ for competitors.
An operating system is the software program that mediates between any computer program and the _.
A company acheives _ by using strategy to maximize its strengths resulting in a competitive advantage.
The essence of strategy is innovation, so _ is often gained when an organization tries a strategy that no one has tried before.
Companies that are first to adopt advanced systems that reduce labor enjoy _ for as long as their competitors lag behind.
The most important metric in the airline industry is _, which is how much it costs to fly a passenger one mile of the journey.
Cost per available seat mile (CASM)
In an enviroment where most information technology is available to all, _ that are originally developed to create a strategic advantage quickly become an expected standard business practice.
SIS (Strategic Information System)
Modern CRM systems can help capture the entire customer experience with an organization, from response to an online advertisement to automatic replenishment of products to proactive service.
_ is determined by the relationship between resources expended and the benefits gained in achieving a goal,
CRM and supply chain management systems combined are often referred to as _.
Enterprise Resource Planning systems. (ERP)
The _ is an important input to MRP applications which includes a list of all raw materials and sub component demands.
Bill of Materials (BOM)
Successful MRP II systems have made a significant contribution to _ manufacturing, where suppliers ship parts directly to assembly lines, saving the cost of warehousing raw materials, parts and sub-assemblies.
An _ tag includes the date of manufacturing, the plant in which the product was made, lot number, expiration date, destination and many other details that help track its movement and sale.
Electronic Product Code (EPC)
The time between generating an idea for a product and completing a prototype that can be mass manufactured is known as engineering lead time, or _.
Time to Market
The _ of a specific raw material is the optimal quantity that allows a business to minimize overstocking and save cost, without risking under stocking and missing production deadlines.
Economic Order Quantity (ECQ)
In retail, the manufacturing phase does not exist so the term _ refers only to purchasing of finished goods and the delivery to customers of those goods.
The _ is the maximum number of bits that the control unit can fetch from primary memory in one machine cycle
Two qualities to check when purchasing a laser or ink-jet printer are speed, measured in _,and density, measured in dots per inch (DPI).
pages per minute PPM
In traditional programming, data and the operations to manipulate the data are kept separate from each other.
_ made programming somewhat easier because they aggregated common commands into "words", although many of those "words" are not English-like.
Higher level _ enable the use of English-like statements to accomplish a goal, and those statements are translated by special software into machine language.
Programs designed to perform specific jobs, such as calculating and executing a company's payroll, are collectively called _.
application specific software
Netware and _ are popular network operating systems that are compatible with clients running DOS, all versions of Windows, and MAC OS.
While operating systems are the most prevalent type of system software, other types of system programs include compilers and _, communications software, and utilities.
To accelerate their work, programmers can use one of several _, such as Microsoft Visual Basic, Borland Delphi, Micro Focus COBOL, ASNA Visual RPG, and Visual C++.
visual programming languages
Some Oss perform _ such as hardware diagnostics, file comparison, file sorting and the like.
_ is a popular medium for connecting computers and networking devices because it is relatively flexible, reliable and low cost.
twisted pair cable
_ are high frequency radio waves that can carry signals over long distances with high accuracy.
For some business needs you must use a _, a combination of two or more fields that together serve as a primary key, because it is impractical to use a single field as a primary key.
The designers of data warehouses must keep In mind _: the ability of the data warehouse to grow as the amount of data and the processing needs grow.
_ is known as a contention-based protocol, because devices on the network "contend" with other devices on the network for transmission time.
The proliferation of high-speed connection services, also called _, is mainly the result of businesses' and individuals rush to the Internet.
_ allows reception at a much faster rate than transmission, that is, it is faster downstream than upstream.
The number next to a _ service refers to data speed in multiple of 51.84 Mbps, considered the base rate bandwidth.
To uncover the valuable information contained in their data, organizations must use software that can effectively _
If _ need to be used as one large data warehouse, special software tools can unify them and make them appear as on large data warehouse.
To link records from one table with records of another table, the tables must have at least one field in common, and that field must be a _ field for one of the tables.
To design a _, you need a clear idea of the different entities and how they relate.
A _ is the general logical structure in which records are stored within a database and the method used to establish relationships among the records.
A collection of related records, such as all the records of a college's students, is called an _.
Three phases are involved in transferring data from a transactional database to a data warehouse: __,_,and _.
extracting, transforming, loading
The ability in object-oriented structures to create a new object automatically by replicating all or some of the characteristics of a previously developed object is called _.
The combined storage of both data and the procedures that manipulate the data is called _.
Each computer or device connected to a network must have an _ or proper networking circuitry, which connects through a cable or a wireless antenna to a hub, switch, bridge, or router, which in turn connects to a LAN or WAN.
Network Interface Card NIC
Some task durations are flexible in that they do not change according to the amount of resources applied.
FALSE (if they do not change, they are not flexible)
By providing for both estimated and firm durations, Project 2007 gives you the ability to quickly find and filter tasks with durations that are not firm
The people, equipment, or facilities (conference room) that need to be assigned to a task in order to complete it are called:
The ______ calendar is the base calendar used by Project to schedule new tasks within the project.
If you are using the _________ global template, your administrator has access to a template of holiays.
If a day of the week such as Monday or Tuesday is edited on the calendar, the day's abbreviation is _________.
The __________ calendar specifies that Monday through Friday are working days with 8 hours of work completed each day.
By default, Project 2007 schedules recurring tasks based on the duration of the entire project.
As soon as you start installing hardware you can start documenting serial numbers; this relationship between two tasks is an example of a Finish to Finish task dependency type.
FALSE, IT'S START TO START
If you are not sure how long to enter for a task's duration and want to be reminded to study it later, enter a _______.
A ___________ has a zero duration.
A ___________ has a zero duration.
A ___________ has a zero duration.
Examples of _______ are completing an important deliverable, such as completing an office installation, completing training, etc.
In order to use important project management techniques such as critical path analysis, you must determine task ___________.
Filtering tasks in Project is considerably different from filtering used in other programs like Access or Excel.
When a filter is applied in any view, the filter is simultaneously applied to all other views.
For the ________ filter, you enter two parameters: one to specify criteria for the start or finish after date and one to specify the before date.
Filtering in the network diagram is almost exactly the same as filtering in Gantt Chart view, except that you cannot use the ________ option.
___________ lag time always allows the tasks to overlap, regardless of whether the project is scheduled from a given Start or Finish date.
____________ can extend the overall time to complete a project because they minimize or eliminate some of Project's ability to freely move the scheduled Start and Finish dates of individual tasks.
One way to define the critical path is that it consists of those tasks having a float of ____
The critical path changes if tasks on the critical path are completed ahead of or behind schedule.
______ help you focus your attention on specific aspects of the project based on different criteria.
Project 2007 involves many built in filters, available using the Filter list arrow on the __________toolbar.
___________is the default constraint for tasks that are entered into a project with an assigned start date.
As soon as possible
___________ is the default constraint for tasks that are entered into a project with an assigned finish date.
as late as possible
Project 2007 places an icon in the indicators column for any constraint other than__________
As soon as possible OR as late as possible
If the project is scheduled from a Start date and you enter a Finish date into the entry table, Project 2007 will apply this constraint type to the task:
Finish no earlier than
If the project is scheduled from a Finish date and you enter a Finish date into the entry table, Project 2007 will apply this constraint type to the task:
Finish no later than
If the project is scheduled from a Start date ad you unter a Start date into the entry table, Project will apply this constraint type to the task:
start no later than
If the project is scheduled from a Finish date and you enter a Start date into the Entry table for a task, Project will apply this constraint type to the task:
Start no later than
Total work is calculated based on the initial resource assignment and is not recalculated when the task duration changes.
Total slack is a synonym for free slack.
FALSE! (total = amount of time that a task can be delayed w/o messing up the finish date, free = amount of time that a task can be delayed without delaying any successor tasks.)
For a task to be critical, total slack must be 0
For a task to be critical, total slack must be 0
________scheduling assumes that adding additional resources redistributes the work and changes the duration.
When you click the _______ button in the Resource Leveling dialog box, you have the choice of either leveling the Entire pool of resources or Selected resources.
In Resource Sheet view, the Entry Table's ___________field automatically displays small icons to represent various conditions about the resource.
In Resource Sheet view, the Entry Table's _______field containes the one time cost per use for a single resource of the given type.
In Resource Sheet view, the Entry Table's ________field determines when the costs associated with a resource will be applied to any task to which it is assigned.
In Resource Sheet view, the Entry Table's _______ field contains any code, number, or abbreviation that you want to enter to help identify that resource
3 choices are available for the _________field in Resource Sheet view: start, prorated, end.