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50 terms

ST 103 week 3 vocab

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Adrenaline
Epinephrine
Antidiuretic hormone
secreted by the pituitary, increases water reabsorption.
Cortisol
produced by the adrenal cortex, increases blood sugar
Epinephrine
adrenaline
Estrogen
female hormone
Glucagon
hormone which increases blood sugar
insulin
produced by pancreas, acts to lower blood sugar
norepinephrine
noradrenaline
oxytocin
stimulates contraction of the uterus
progesterone
prepares the uterus for pregnancy
somatotropin
growth hormone
testosterone
male hormone
thyroxine (t4)
increases metabolism in cells
vasopressin
antidiuretic hormone
corticosteroids
hormones produced by the adrenal cortex
electrolyte
mineral salt necessary for proper functioning of cells
homeostasis
tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment
hormone
produced by an endocrine gland, travels to distant organ or gland
hypothalamus
secretions stimulate the pituitary gland to release hormones
steroid
complex substance related to fats and of which many hormones are made
gonad/o
sex glands
thyr/o
thyroid gland
cortic/o
outer region
estr/o
female
gluc/o
sugar
home/o
sameness
kal/i
potassium
-agon
assemble, gather together
-tropin
stimulating the function of
-uria
urine condition
eu-
good, normal
oxy-
rapid, sharp, acid
pan-
all
tetra-
four
tri-
three
hyperthyroidism
overactivity of the thyroid gland
thyroid carcinoma
cancer of the thyroid gland
hyperparathyroidism
excessive production of parathormone
gigantism
hyperfunctioning of the pituitary gland before puberty
diabetes mellitus
lack of insulin secretion
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
panhypopituitarism
all pituitary hormones are deficient
FBS
fasting blood sugar
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
LH
luteinizing hormone
Cushing syndrome
group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
Addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
Na
sodium
Hypo-parathyroidism
deficient production of parathyroid hormone