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89 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 9

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bulbourethral gland
One of a pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra
Cowper gland
bulbourethral gland
ejaculation
ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
ejaculatory duct
Tube through which semen enters the male urethra
epididymis
one pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testie, it carries the sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens
erectile dysfunction
inability of an adult male to achieve an erection
flagellum
a long, hairlike structure that grows out of a cell and enables the cell to move
fraternal twins
TWO INFANTS BORN OF THE SAME PREGNANCY FROM TWO SEPARATE OVA FERTILIZED BY TWO DIFFERENT SPERM
glans penis
sensitive tip of the penis
identical twins
two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos
impotence
inability of an adult male to achieve an erection
interstitial cells
in the testes, these lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce the hormone testosterone. a pituitary gland hormone (luteinizing hormone [LH]) stimulates interstitial cells to produce testosterone.
parenchyma
tissue composed of essential and functional cells of organ. In the testis, the parenchymal tissue includes seminiferous tubules that produce sperm
perineum
external region between the anus and scrotum in the male
prepuce
a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
prostate gland
exocrine gland, in men, at the base of the urinary bladder that secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation
scrotum
external sac containing the testes
semen
spermatozoa and seminal fluid
seminal vesicle
either of paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete a fluid in the vas deferend
seminiferous tubules
NARROW, COILED TUBULES THAT PRODUCE SPERM IN THE TESTES
spermatozoon
sperm cell
sterilization
a surgical procedure that prevents reproduction by total or partial removal of the reproductive organs
stroma
supportive, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its parenchyma
testis
male gonad that produces sperm
testosterone
hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics
vas deferens
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
androgen
Hormones that produce or stimulate the development of male characteristics
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cryogenic surgery
Use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue.
cryptorchism
undescended testicles
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
gonorrhea
A highly contagious venereal disease of the genital mucous membrane of either sex
hydrocele
Sac of clear fluid in the scrotum
orchiectomy
surgical removal of one or both testicles-castration
anorchism
absence of one of both testes
orchitis
inflammation of the testes
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
seminiferous tubules
NARROW, COILED TUBULES THAT PRODUCE SPERM IN THE TESTES
seminal vesicles
two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens
spermolytic
pertaining to the destruction of sperm cells
oligospermia
scanty production and expulsion of sperm
aspermia
Failure to form or ejaculate semen
teratoma
a benign mass containing hair, teeth, etc.
testicular
pertaining to the testes
varicocele
enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near testis
vasectomy
surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization)
azoospermia
absence of sperm in the semen
spermatogenesis
the production of sperm cells
testosterone
male sex hormone
orchiopexy
Surgical fixation of an undescended testicle
vasovasostomy
a surgical procedure that attempts to restore the function of the vas deferens after a vasectomy
carcinoma of the testes
malignant tumor of the testicles
cryptorchism
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
testicular torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord
carcinoma of the prostate
Malignant tumor of the prostate gland
prostatic hyperplasia
Benign growth of cells with in the prostate gland; benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Sign and symptoms are Urinary obstruction and inability to empty the bladder completely.
hypospadias
an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
phimosis
narrowing of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
chlamydial infection
bacteria invade the urethra and reproductive tract of man and women
gonorrhea
inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes, caused by infection with gonococci
herpes genitalis
Infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals, caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and marked by blisters
PSA test
measures levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood
semen analysis
ejaculated fluid is examined microscopically
castration
surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men)
circumcision
surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
digital rectal examination (DRE)
finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
photoselective vaporization of the prostate
Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP)
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
epididym/o
epididymis
gon/o
seed
hyrd.o
water, fluid
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
testis, testicle
prostat/o
prostate gland
semin/i
semen/seed
sperm/o, spermat/o
spermatozoa, semen
terat/o
monster
test/o
testis, testicle
varic/o
varicose veins
vas/o
vessel, duct ; vas deferens
zo/o
animal life
-genesis
formation
-one
hormone
-pexy
fixation, put in place
-stomy
new opening