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27 terms

Monotheist Religions

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Christianity
largest world religion with 2.2 billion follower
Judaism
oldest monotheist religion that began over 3,000 years ago
Diaspora
people being forcefully removed from their homeland
Ramadan
month long Muslim holiday when people fast, pray more, study the Quran, give to the poor
Old Testament
the stories of the Old Testament such as Adam & Eve and Moses are part of the history of Judaism and Christianity
Jesus' Teachings
forgiveness, love, and salvation
Messiah
Jews believed Messiah would bring freedom from Romans, Christians believe Messiah gave salvation
Orthodox Jews
wear head coverings, follow mosaic laws, eat kosher food, and follow a strict dress code
Sunday Worship
practiced by Christians because it is believed to be the day Jesus rose from the dead
Christian/Jewish Practices
prayer, religious songs, reading from scriptures
Roman Persecution
murdered Christians because they felt threatened by Jesus' teachings
5 Pillars of Islam
pray five times a day, pilgrimage to Mecca, give to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, faith in God and prophet
Muslim Holy Books
Muslims believe Torah and Bible are holy books but think the Quran is God's newest
Synagogue
Jewish place of worship
Mosque
Muslim place of worship
Church
Christian place of worship
BIble
holiest book of Christianity
Torah
holiest book of Judaism
Quran
holiest book of Islam
Rabbi
religious leader in Judaism
Imam
religious leader in Islam
Priest
religious leader in Christianity, different in different denominations
Jesus
founder of Christianity
Abraham
founder of Judaism
Muhhammad
founder of Islam
Passover
Jewish holiday celebrating Hebrews escape from slavery in Egypt. Celebrated with reading the Exodus story and eating Seder meal.
Monotheist Religions
worship only one god, from same part of the world, shared history, worried about moral behavior