Upgrade to remove ads
Science Muscle, Skeletal, Skin Sysytems Test
Terms in this set (24)
Gives body shape and support
Helps body move
Protects internal organs
Stores calcium and phosphorus compounds
Res blood cells form in red bone marrow
What are the five major functions of the skeletal system?
What are 4 major parts of the skeletal system?
Bones- Same as skeletal system: protection, shape and support, and movement
What is the function of bones?
Ligaments- provides stability for joints. It connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint.
What is the function of ligaments?
Cartilage- it is a shock absorber. It can be found in joints between bones, such as the elbows, knees, and ankles to reduce friction.
What is the function of cartilage?
Joints- movement and stability.
What is the function of joints?
Flat bones- are somewhat flattened, protect internal organs Ex. sKull protects brain
Long bones- longer than they are wide, support weight and facilitate movement Ex. femur, arm bones
Short bones- as long as they are wide, provide stability and some movement Ex. carpals in wrists, tarsals in ankles
Irregular bones- vary in shape and structure, protect internal organs Ex. vertebrae protect spinal cord
Sesamoid bones- embedded in tendons, protect tendons from stress and wear Ex. Kneecap, patella
What are the different types of bones and their shapes and functions?
Tendons- thick bands of tissue that connect muscle to bones
Ligaments- short bands of tissue that connect bones to bones
What is the difference between ligaments and tendons?
Saddle Joint- 2 bones fit into each other- thumb
Hinge Joints- bend in 1 direction- elbow
Ball and Socket Joint- end of bone is rounded- shoulder
Pivot Joint- allows rotary movement- head
Gliding Joint- wrist
What are 5 types of joints and examples?
The Rib Cage
What are examples of bones? (9)
Heat Production Circulation Digestion
What are the major functions of the muscular system?
Part: Deltoids and Latissimus dorsi
Function: Lifting and Lowering the arm
Part: Pectorals and Trapezius
Function: Moving the shoulder forward and backwards
Part: Abdominals and Erector Spinae
Function: Bending the spine forward and backwards
Part: Hip Abductors and Adductors
Function: Moving the legs together and apart
Part: Iliopsoas and Glutes
Function: Lifting or moving the knee backwards
What are the major parts and functions of the muscular system?
Voluntary muscles are the ones you can control and involuntary you can't.
What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscles?
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
Generally forms the supporting tissue of blood vessels and hollow internal organs, such as the stomach, intestine, and bladder. Involuntary
Function and location/example of smooth muscle tissue.
The cardiac muscles are the heart muscles and are responsible for pumping blood all throughout the body and making the heart beat. They are found in the walls of the heart, specifically the myocardium. Involuntary
Function and location/example of cardiac muscle tissue.
The function of skeletal muscles is to contract to move parts of the body closer to the bone that the muscle is attached to.(Movement of the skeletal system) Voluntary Between any bone
Function and location/example of skeletal muscle tissue.
Formation of Vitamin D
Regulation of temperature
Elimination of water through sweat
What are the 5 major functions of the skin?
What are the three layers of the skin?
The outer thinnest layer, where new cells are constantly produced, creates a pigment that protects the skin
What is the function of the epidermis?
Middle, thickest layer. Gives the skin after its flexibility and strength.
What is the function of the dermis?
Insulates the body
What is the function of the fatty layer?
Melanin is a pigment that is produced by cells and protects the skin and gives it its color.
What is melanin?
What 6 things can be found in the dermis?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
7th Science - Integumentary, Muscular, Skeletal
Chapter 45: Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary…
BODY SYSTEMS VOCABULARY
Tissue, skeletal, and integumentary test
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Science Semester Test 5/16/18
The First World War 1912-1918; 5/1/18
The Nature of Waves 4/4/18
Growth and Reform Arkansas History 4/4/18