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35 terms

Respiratory

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Type 2 cells
Secrete a fluid containing surfactant, cuboidal epithelial cells, interspersed among the type 1 cells.
Type 1 cells
The respiratory membrane is composed of fused basal laminas of the capillary walls and _________. Thin, squamous epithelial cells.
terminal bronchioles
No exchange of gas occurs here.
Alveolar duct
terminates in alveoli. airway that branches from smallest bronchioles
Respiratory bronchioles
Where the respiratory zone of the lungs begins.
Respiratory bronchioles
Composed of simple squamous epithelium.
Type 2 cells
Composed of cuboidal cells, interspersed among the type 1 cells. Secrete pulmonary surfactante
Terminal bronchioles
Composed of cuboidal cells, what are the smallest bronchioles called
internal
_______ respiration - process of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange at the cellular level when oxygen leaves the bloodstream and is delivered to the tissues
T
t or f: There is glandular tissue in nose.
paranasal sinus
any of the paired sinuses in the bones of the face adjacent to the nasal cavity that are lined with mucous membrane that is continuous with lining of the nasal cavities
4
Intrapleurlal pressure is normally about _____ mm Hg less than pressure in alveoli
carbonic anhydrase
Converts CO2 into bicarbonate, enzyme that catalyzes reaction between carbon dioxide and water to form carbonic acid
hilus
thread, groove along the medial surface of the lung, that provides entrance to pulmonary vessels, nerves and lymphatics.
epiglottis
a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
pharynx
Air and food are routed into the proper channels by the ___________. tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air.
Boyle's
______ Law explains the relationship between the pressure and volume of gases... pressure increase, volume decrease (temp. constant)
Bohr
the _______ effect -- more oxygen is released because a decrease in pH (acidosis) weakens the hemoglobin-oxygen bond.
weakens
the Bohr effect -- more oxygen is released because a decrease in pH (acidosis) _______ the hemoglobin-oxygen bond.
Hering-Breuer
Another name for the inflation reflex is the ___________.
compliance
factors that decrease the surface tension of the fluid film in alveoli does not diminish ___________.
compliance
the _____ of lungs is an indication of their expandability, or how easily they expand and contract.
placenta
In fetus, respiratory exchanges are made through the ________.
RBCs
More CO2 is carried in _______ than is dissolved in blood plasma.
lung
Oblique fissure, horizontal fissure, middle lobe, are found on right _____.
gas emboli
A _______ ________ may occure because a diver holds his breath upon ascent., injection of air, from chest wounds, injection of air, from chest wounds
30
The respiratory rate of a newborn is approximately ____ respirations per minute., the cardinal number that is the product of ten and three
larynx
voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords
CO2
its accumulation in blood is associated with a decrease in pH
CO2
Its concentration in blood is decreased by hyperventilation.
primary bronchi
The first branches of the trachea. There are two primary bronchi, one for each lung.
visceral pleura
Membrane that covers the lungs
larynx
a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea
secondary bronchi
Arising from the primary bronchi, these serve as an airway for each lobe in the lungs; three in the right lung and two in the left lung (smaller)
trachea
membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi. Windpipe.