Bureaucracy

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Bureaucracy
A large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out special functions
Weberian Model
A model of bureaucracy that emphasizes rational, hierarchical organizations in which decisions are based on logical reasoning
Acquisitive Model
A model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as seeking to expand the size of their budgets and staffs to gain greater power
Monopolistic Model
A model of bureaucracies that emphasizes lack of competition leading to inefficient and costly operations
Administrative agency
A federal, state, or local government unit established to administer and enforce specific laws
Cabinet department
A major bureaucratic agency in the federal government that oversees a large section of policy and reports directly to the President
Independent executive agency
A federal agency that is not a cabinet department, but still reports directly to the President
Independent regulatory agency
An agency charged with making and implementing rules and regulations
Government corporation
An agency of government that administers a quasi-business enterprise of mostly commercial activities
Spoils system
The awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends
Merit system
The selection, retention, and promotion of government employees on the basis of competitive examinations
Pendleton Act
An act that established the principle of employment on the basis of merit and created the Civil Service Commission to administer the personnel service
Sunshine law
A law that requires all committee-directed federal agencies to conduct their business regularly in public session
Sunset law
A law requiring that existing programs be reviewed regularly for their effectiveness and be terminated unless specifically extended as a result of these reviews
Privatization
The replacement of government services with services provided by private firms
Whistleblower
Someone who brings to public attention gross governmental inefficiency or an illegal action
Iron triangle
The three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests
Issue network
A group of individuals or organizations - which may consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts - that supports a particular policy position on a given issue
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