29 terms

Chapter 1: Seeking New Lands, Seeing with New Eyes

EHS
STUDY
PLAY
Cold War
Rivalry between the superpowers from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union
Constitution
A basic political document that lays out the institutions and procedures a country follows
Crisis
A critical turning point
Decision Making
The way governments (or other bodies) make policies
Environment
In systems theory, everything lying outside the political system
Feedback
How events today are communicated to people later on and shape what people do later on
Globalization
Popular term used to describe how international, economic, social, cultural and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries
Government
Either a generic term used to describe the formal part of the state or the administration of the day
Imperialism
The policy of colonizing other countries-literally establishing empires
Industrialized Democracy
The richest countries with advanced economies and liberal states
Input
Support or demand from to the state
Interest Group
An organization formed to work for the views of a relatively narrow group of people such as a trade union or business association.
International Political Economy
The network of economic activities that transcends national boundries
Less Developed Countries
The poorest countries with failing economies and sometimes nonexistent states
Nation
As used by political scientists primarily a psychological term to describe attachment or identity rather than a geopolitical unit such as the state
Newly Industrialized Countries
The handful of countries such as South Korea that have developed a strong industrial base and grown faster than most of the third world
Output
Public policy in systems theory
Political Culture
Basic values and assumptions that people have towards authority, the political system, and other overarching themes in political life
Political Party
Organization that contests elections or otherwise contends for power
Politics
The process through which a community, state, organizes and governs itself
Power
As conventionally defined the ability to get someone to do something he or she otherwise wouldn't want to do
Public Policy
The decisions made by a state that define what it will do
Regime
The institutions and practices that endure from government to government such as the constitutional order in a democracy
State
All individuals and institutions that make public policy whether they are in the government or not
Strong State
One with the capacity and the political will to make an implement effective public policy
Support
In systems analysis, popular input that tends to endorse the current leadership and its policies
Systems Theory
A model for understanding political life
Third World
Informal term for the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America
Weak State
One without the capacity and the political will to make and implement effective public policy