Music Theory Basics
identify basic music symbols and terms
Terms in this set (54)
tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat
space between two barlines
two eighth notes connected with a beam, equal to one beat
gets one half count of silence
divides the staff into measures
Used for the lower sounding pitches. Also called F clef.
gradually increasing in volume, also written as cresc.
double bar line
shows the end of a piece of music
gradually decreasing in volume, also written as decresc.
dotted half note
gets 3 counts of sound
gets one-half count of sound
gets 2 counts of sound
gets 2 counts of silence
lowers the pitch of a note by one-half step
medium loud volume
cancels the effect of a flat or sharp
gets one count of sound
gets one count of silence
go back and play again
raises the pitch of a note by one-half step
the 5 lines and 4 spaces on which music is written
Used for the higher sounding pitches. Also known as the G clef.
gets 4 counts of sound
gets 4 counts of silence
Notes with an interval of eight (they have the same letter name but are eight steps apart.)
The distance between two notes
A story told on stage with music
Musicians playing instruments from all four instrument families
A piece of music written for orchestra
One note at a time; or, when everyone is performing the same note at the same time.
When notes move from one to the next in ABC order without skipping any--they make a "line note, space note" pattern
Different notes performed at the same time.
Musicians playing instruments from the brass, woodwind and percussion families.
The part of the song where the words stay the same
The part of the song where the words change each time you sing it
The words to a song
The order of the sections of a song; or, the way the song is organized.
A person who writes music
The person who stands in front of the musicians with a baton and tells them when to start and stop
A kind of instrument that doesn't need electricity to be played
A group of musicians singing together
Eight notes moving by step in the same direction
Leap / Skip
When notes have intervals greater than two (the skip over steps)
The length of a note; how long or short a note will sound
The volume of a song
The speed of a song