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Art Appreciation Chapter 13
Terms in this set (58)
The Ionic style of Greek architecture is classified by
Stepped column bases
In a vaulted church, each rectangular division of space, consisting of one groin vault, is called a
Gothic style architecture is well-known for the use of ___ buttresses that support the outward thrusts of soaring arches
The image represents a ___ or an arch extended in depth
Which type of materials are usually used in the construction of load-bearing architecture
The purpose of green architecture is to
create a healthier and less wasteful human habitat
R. Buckminster Fuller developed the ___ ___
What type of skeleton-and-skin construction is shown in this illustration?
Concrete is composed of
___ ___ are relatively lightweight, amazingly strong, and build with prefabricated modules, all of which allows for quick and inexpensive construction
A drawback of load-bearing construction is
the inability to insert large openings, such as windows, in the walls
Which elements are associated with Romanesque style
Around 1980 many architects began using two-dimensional drawing programs to guide construction of architectural projects
In architecture an element in compression is being ___, an element in tension is being ___
___ construction was developed to allow for the fabrication of tall buildings not possible using balloon-frame techniques
Which of the following architectural elements are characteristic of Gothic style
The key to fabric architecture is
Which elements characterize International style skyscrapers
Simple geometric forms
Start linear emphasis
Which of the following is not a basic architectural structural system
In Greek temple design, the ___ is the band of of lintels immediately over the columns, and directly beneath the frieze.
Suspension techniques are mostly associated with the construction of
Which culture's hypostyle halls were relatively dark with only the vert top of the load-bearing walls pierced with small windows?
Which of the flowing innovations made balloon-frame construction practical?
Improved milling lumber techniques
Fabric structures are also known as
The ___ age ushered in the harnessing of steam, leading to the creation of the steam engine, the internal combustion engine, and the turbine.
What structural feature reinforces and supports the outward thrust of arches from the outside?
The skeleton of the ___ ___ was the aesthetic focus because it had no decorative embellishments.
In a skeleton-and-skin system, the support structure of a building is
contained inside more fragile outer layers and is generally not visible.
computer-aided design and manufacturing
In a Greek temple, what are the three basic elements of an entablature?
The keystone, as shown in this illustration, ___ a rounded arch.
supports the downward and outward thrust of
What culture is most closely associated with the use of corbelled architectural elements?
When deciding on the structural system for a building, ___ and ___ are the first considerations
weight; tensile strength
Visible structure of a building is characteristic of the ___ style of architecture.
In Greek temple design, what area of the entablature is generally ornamented with sculptural relief?
The decorative ornament on the ceiling of a dome, which also serves to lessen the weight, is known as
The advantages of ferroconcrete construction include
an ability to be molded into nearly any shape or form.
The Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London,
established the success of cast-iron as a building material
Common community buildings include
schools, courthouses, libraries and hospitals
The use of the bracket set and stepped truss system in Eastern architecture
distributes the weight of the roof evenly across a series of columns.
What type of truss system is pictured?
What are two examples of nomadic dwelling involving fabric architecture?
Yurts and tents
The architectural element, indicated with the arrow in this picture, that gaps the transition from a square base to a domed roof is known as a
A circular opening at the top of a dome is called the
What is the primary drawback of post-and lintel architecture?
the limitation to span relatively large open space
Ferroconcrete construction is most similar to the ___ structural system.
During the mid-19th century the experimental use of ___ as a building material allowed for breakthroughs in the development in the development of the skeleton-and-skin structural system.
As shown in this illustration, ___ rely on rows of stones that extend over each other until the opening is bridged.
Where did the style of column in this image originate?
What era of peoples first made use of fabric architecture?
The ___ incorporates placing an immense dome on top of a massive square base.
What is the significance of the portico in the illustration?
To trick visitors into thinking they were visiting a post-and-lintel temple
Which of the flowing is not an advantage of balloon-frame construction?
It can be built to conceivably infinite heights.
What is the significance of the isolation of the Taj Mahal's dome, as illustrated in this picture?
It is ornamental
Reims Cathedral is a characteristic example of what style architecture?
It could be inferred that, due to the advent of new technologies and materials, modern architecture is
better equipped to respond to community and environmental needs.
What are the trademark of Frank Lloyd Wright architectural work?
Why in the early period of Zaha Hadis' career was she sometimes called a "paper architect"?
The buildings she designed had not been constructed, they existed only on paper.
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