# abnormal psychology 1st exam tramonte

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the degree to which events or characteristics vary with each other, how they relate to one another

Correlational studies are a type of research often used in psychology as a preliminary way to gather information about a topic or in situations where performing an experiment is not possible.

The correlational method involves looking at relationships between two or more variables. While researchers can use correlations to see if a relationship exists, the variables themselves are not under the control of the researchers.

Another important thing to note is that while correlational research can reveal if a relationship exists between variables, this kind of research cannot prove that changes to one variable lead to changes to another variable. In other words, correlational studies cannot prove cause-and-effect relationships.
a research procedure in which a variable is manipulated (the independent variable) and the manipulation's effect on another variable (the dependent variable) is observed. Two groups are used: a control group that includes a group of subjects who are not exposed to the independent variable under investigation but whose experience is similar to that of the experimental group, the subjects who are exposed to the independent variable. Random assignment (is any selection procedure that ensures that every subject in the experiment is as likely to be placed in one group as the other) and a double-blind design (both the experimenter and participants are blind as to their assigned group) are also used.
proposes that psychological disorders have a biological or medical cause. This model explains disorders such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia as caused by faulty neurotransmitter systems, genetic problems, brain damage and dysfunction, or some combination of those causes. TREATMENT: psychotropic drugs, psychiatrists, ECT
disordered behavior is being learned just like a normal behavior is; ex. Emma sees spider and screams, and mother makes big fuss and gives her lots of attention so now every time Emma sees a spider she screams, drawing attention to herself TREATMENT: pavlov, watson, skinner, bandura, miller; systematic desensitization for phobias
attributes abnormal to a person's failure to fulfill personal growth or potential, due to distorted emotions, meaninglessness, or isolation TREATMENT: tendency towards health and self-actualization through humanism like rogers who develope client centered therapy and help people build positive image and existential therapists help patients accept responsibilities of their lives and help them realize that they have the power to make their own choices based on what they want.