Big Business, Progressive Era Test Review
Terms in this set (27)
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
An organization of farmers who tried to get the government to regulate the railroads and pass other farm friendly policies.
A party made up of farmers and laborers that wanted direct election of senators and an 8hr working day
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
Chinese exclusion act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Interstate Commerce Act
Established the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission) - monitors the business operation of carriers transporting goods and people between states - created to regulate railroad prices
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
A monopoly that controls goods and services, often in combinations that reduce competition.
Applied Darwin's theory of natural selection and "survival of the fittest" to human society -- the poor are poor because they are not as fit to survive. Used as an argument against social reforms to help the poor.
Policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
Cruel ruthless businessmen who would not stop at nothing to achieve great wealth.
1870s - 1890s; term coined by Mark Twain to describe a time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor
meat inspection act
Law that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
Pure food and drug act
1906 - Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
Food & Drug Administration
Federal Reserve System
$$$$ The country's central banking system, which is responsible for the nation's monetary policy by regulating the supply of money and interest rates
Charitable donation to public causes
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
a person who favors those born in his country and is opposed to immigrants
Secret Nativist political party that opposed Immigration during the 1840's and early 1850's. Officially called the American Party
Allows voters to petition to propose legislation &then submit it for a vote by qualified voters- Populist Party
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate- Populist Party
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Plessy V Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Seneca Falls Convention
(1848) the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written
William Jennings Bryan
repeat candidate for president, proponent of silver-backing (16:1 platform), cross of gold speech against gold standard; Democratic candidate (1896)
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