37 terms

T21 Unit 7 - 1900-1950

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Balkans
a region of many cultures and ethnic groups in Europe, north of Greece
Woodrow Wilson
Under this US President, America entered WWI
Reparations
Payments for damages
Karl Marx
A German philosopher; he predicted that the workers of the world would eventually overthrow capitalism
Bolsheviks
the communist political party in Russia, organized by Vladimir Lenin
Susan B. Anthony
a leader of the American suffragist movement
Winston Churchill
Prime minister of England during WWII
Franklin Roosevelt
Under this US President, Pearl Harbor was bombed and the US entered WWII
Embargo
an official government ban on trade with a particular country
Hiroshima
The city in Japan where the atomic bomb was dropped on humans for the first time
League of Nations
An idea of US President Wilson that called for 60 countries to meet to discuss world issues in hopes to maintaining world peace
Propaganda
a systematic effort to manipulate the public and to spread ideas or beliefs that favor a certain group or effort
Totalitarian
when a government seeks complete control over its citizens lives
entangling alliances
These led to WWI because when one nation attacked another, the attacked nation's allies would have to declare war, creating a chain reaction that led to WWI
Central Powers of WWI
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Allies of WWI
France, Russia, Britain, US
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
When he was assassinated, it created the "spark" that set off WWI
WWI military technological advancements
airplanes, tanks, submarines, trench fortifications, barbed wire, poison gas
America joining WWI
Germany's use of unrestricted submarine warfare made American opinion turn against Germany, and American businesses were fearful of losing money loaned to Allied powers
Treaty of Versailles
At the end of WWI, this punished Germany by taking away its overseas colonies, its military, and much of its finances
Vladimir Lenin
become the first leader of Russia after the Russian Revolution toward the end of WWI
labor unions
organized groups of workers that sought better working conditions
strike
workers all stop working for a period of time so as to force factory owners to agree to better pay and working conditions
Great Depression
a worldwide economic downturn in the 1930s
fascism
a political movement that called for strong nationalism, obedience to the state, and (often) violence and war
Franco
fascist leader of Spain who defeated the republican government in an intense civil war; he was aided by the Nazi Luftwaffe
Hitler
leader of a fascist group called the Nazis
Mussolini
fascist leader of Italy
Stalin
he was a communist leader in Russia who replaced Lenin
Japan
sought to use foreign conquest to secure the resources it needed
reasons for appeasement
Britain and France hoped to avoid a second world war
Allies of WWII
France, Great Britain, Russia, USA
Axis powers of WWII
Germany, Italy, Japan
Pearl Harbor
the event that officially brought the USA into WWII
Final Solution
Hitler's plan to commit genocide against the Jews of Europe
Hitler's mistake
invading Russia and failing to conquer it
atomic bomb
the US used this to force the Japanese to surrender