Create an account
drive reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an arousal tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant interval state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose around a particular level
hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher level safety needs an then psychological needs become active
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When it is low, we feel hungry
when food is deprived, blood sugar levels wane causing orexin to be sent out in the system
depresses hunger. stimulate it, the body won't eat. destroy it, food will process faster making you fat
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore lost weight
an eating disorder in which a person diets and becomes significantly (15% or more) underweight, yet still feeling fat continues to starve
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting or excessive exercise
binge eating disorder
significant binge eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, guilt but without compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia
what makes a person fat are his or her fat cells. Their count is less in fat people and are full quicker
sexual response cycle
the four states of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson; excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
genital areas become engorged in blood; vagina expands and secretes lubricant, breasts and nipples enlarge
breathing, pulse and blood pressure rates increases. Penis becomes fully engorged and some fluid may appear at tip. Vaginal secretions continue
female facilitates conception by positioning uterus to receive sperm. Both men and women feel same pleasure after release
a resting period after orgasm, during which men cannot reach another orgasm. can last from minutes to days
sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than males and contributes to female sex characteristics. In nonhuman female mammals, levels peak during ovulation promoting sexual receptivity
the most important of male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of male sex characteristics during puberty
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
while heterosexual males look for females in sexually explicit content, women look at both as equal
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together