52 terms

Review- Revolutionary War

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trade
The British imposed strict control over ____ in the colonies
taxes
Great Britain imposed ____ in order to pay for the French and Indian War.
raw materials
The colonies traded _________ for manufactured goods from Great Britain
British laws
Colonists had to obey all of these, which were enforced by governors
colonial governors
Who enforced the laws in the colonies?
King or proprietor
Who picked the colonial governors?
July 4, 1776
When the Declaration was approved
Primary author of the Declaration
Thomas Jefferson
Ideas for the Declaration were found...
by examining the writings of European philosophers
Life, Liberty, Pursuit of Happiness
The inalienable rights included in the Declaration of Independence
Unalienable rights
Rights given to you at birth that no government has the right to take away
People
According to the Declaration, governments get power from the-
Create a new government
When governments violate their rights, people have the power to-
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
City where the Declaration was signed
Franklin and Adams
Two men who helped frame the Declaration
protect people's rights
Government's job according to the Declaration of Independence
French and Indian War
War between France & Great Britain. Great Britain won the war, gained North American land & ended up in debt.
Proclamation of 1763
A royal announcement by King George III. It forbade colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Quartering Act
Forced colonists to shelter & supply British soldiers. Colonists saw it as another way of taxing them.
Stamp Act
Passed by Parliament to help with war debt after the French & Indian War. Required documents to carry a stamp showing a tax had been paid. Eventually repealed.
Tea Act
Passed by Parliament. Gave the British East India Company the sole right to sell tea in the colonies.
Intolerable Acts
Passed by Parliament. Punished Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party by closing the Boston Harbor, banning town meetings, allowing British soldiers to be housed anywhere & allowing British officials to stand trial in Britain. Led to 12/13 colonies meeting at the 1st Continental Congress.
Sons of Liberty
Secret society that protested British policy.
Boston Massacre
Taunting of British soldiers by an angry crowd of colonists. 5 Boston colonists killed including Crispus Attucks.
Boston Tea Party
Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor as a protest of the Tea Act. Led to the Intolerable Acts.
First Continental Congress
Leaders from 12/13 colonies met to discuss problems with Great Britain. Resulted in a Declaration of Rights, a boycott of British goods & called on each colony to begin training troops.
No Taxation without Representation
Slogan colonists used to protest British taxes until the colonies were represented in Parliament.
Patriot
Wanted to rebel from British control.
Loyalist
Wanted to stay under British control.
boycott
The refusal to buy or import goods. A form of protest.
minutemen
Citizens of Massachusetts who banded into militia groups and secretly prepared for war.
Navigation Acts
Laws that controlled colonial trade. Colonists could only trade with Great Britain.
King George III
English king responsible for issuing the Proclamation of 1763.
Lord Cornwallis
British general who surrendered at Yorktown
John Adams
Helped promote the cause of independence, helped write the Declaration of Independence, and later became the second president
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson
The primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Benjamin Franklin
Prominent member of the Continental Congress; helped frame the Declaration of Independence; helped gain French support for American independence
Phyllis Wheatley
Enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence and who eventually gained her freedom
Paul Revere
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival
Crispus Attucks
African American who was one of the 5 victims of the Boston Massacre
Samuel Adams
Leader of the Sons of Liberty; helped organize protests such as the Boston Tea Party
Lexington and Concord
Shot heard around the world; the first shots of the American Revolution
Saratoga
turning point of the Revolution; American win helped convince France to help
Treaty of Paris
treaty that officially ended the American Revolution
Yorktown
final battle of the Revolution; Cornwallis surrendered
An advantage the colonists had since they were fighting in North America
defense of own land
An advantage the Americans had since the won at Saratoga
help from foreign countries like Spain & France
George Washington is an example of this advantage
Strong leadership
This advantage had to do with the colonists believing in what they were fighting for
Belief in the cause of freedom
Navigation Acts
colonies could only trade with Great Britain; controlled colonial trade

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