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World History - Chapter 14
Terms in this set (20)
A European Royal family that is most known for its rule of France from the 16th through the 18th centuries.
This was the man who influenced the power of King Louis XIII and helped make France an absolute monarchy
Swedish Lutheran king who won victories for the German Protestants in the Thirty Years' War and lost his life in one of the battles (1594-1632)
This French king ruled for the longest time ever in Europe. He changed economic policies and got France involved in costly wars. He was the prime example of absolutism in France.
Became a cardinal in 1641, succeeded Richelieu and dominated the power in French government.
Frederick II of Prussia
Captured Silesia from Maria Theresa during the War of Austrian Succession and made Prussia a military power through his tactical work in the Seven Years' War.
A family that controlled Spain, part of Italy, and part of the Holy Roman Empire. It was extremely powerful until the Thirty Years' War
Family that favored the nobles, reduced military obligations, expanded the Russian empire further east, and fought several unsuccessful wars, they lasted until 1917.
He ruled Russia from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; he changed selected aspects of economy and culture through imitation of western European models.
She exchange philosophies, made government and law reforms, raised enlightenment value, and crushed serfs who revolted
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which he was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649
Petition of right
Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
William and Mary
King and Queen of England in 1688. With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders.
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
The queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs
Seven Year's War
A worldwide conflict fought on four continents. This is known as the French and Indian War in North America.
William Pitt the Elder
British PM; designed and organized strategy to beat France in Seven Year's War (French and Indian War), decided to fight in India, Americas, and Europe.
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