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Process of producing offstpring (new organism of the same species); always involves the transfer of hereditary information


hereditary material found inside cells and is passed from a parent to offspring. Determines how an organism looks and functions


process body cells use to reporduce cells that are identical to the parent cell

Sexual reproduction

new organism is produced from the DNA of two organisms combining (called ferilization)

Asexual reproduction

new organism is produced from a part of oanother organism by mitosis and cell division; all DNA comes from one organism


a new organism grows off of the parent organsim


some organisms can grow new body parts to replace lost parts (ex: sea star)


a new organism is produced from the DNA of only one parent and is an exact genetic copy of the parent


the last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine; stores feces until elimination through the anus


stores urine until elimination


the tube that carries urine (and semen in males) out the the body


a structure made of spongy tissue that deposits sperm into female reproductive tract


an external skin sac holding the testes. Regulates temperature below 98.6 Degrees (3 degrees C) for sperm to form

Testicle (testes)

produces sperm


finger like attachment on the testicle that connects the testicle to the vas deferens

Vas Deferens

thick walled tube that carries sperm to the urethra

Seminal Vesicles

drains into the Vas Deferens, secretes fluid rich in sugars that nourishes the sperm


a single gland below the bladder that encircles the urethra. It secretes a fluid that neutralizes the acids in the female reproductive system

Cowper's Glad

small gland below the prostate that secretes a fluid that neutralizes traces of acidic urine in the urethra


blood flow to the penis causing the penis to become rigid and erect


the release of semen from the penis


rhythmical muscular contractions that occur during ejaculation


male hormone involved in the development of secondary sex characteristics (such as facial hair, voice changes, and muscle development)


name for all the external genitals


the erectile structure located at the front of the vulva. The area of stimulation in the female.


the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body


Two skin folds that form the outer lips of the external genitalia. It serves to protect the genitalia.


A canal leading from the uterus to the outside of the body. A small opening in the cervix leads to the bagina. Also called the birth canal, it is place for sperm to the deposited


opening that connects the uterus to the vagina

uterus (aka womb)

the organ that carries a baby

oviduct (aka fallopian tube)

tube that connects the ovary to the uterus and is the pathway for the egg


produces the egg


the process of the ovary releasing an egg

mammary gland

gland in the breast tissue that produces milk


structure that contains mammary glands and fatty tissue


medical name for the mentrual period

menstrual cycle

monthly cycle of changes in a sexually mature female reproductive system


fertilized egg that has begun to divide


ferilized egg after five days


from conception to the end of the eigth week after conception


10 weeks after ferilization to birth


muscular contractions of the uterus that begin the birth process


"sack" of tissue that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination and gas exchange via the umbilical cord

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