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AP questions

The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to
a)the Greenback Labor Party
b)the Farmers' Alliance
c)the Silver Miners' Coalition
d)the Liberal Republican Party
e)the Grange


The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of
a) the gold standard
b)McKinley'sadoption of the bimetallic standard
c)an increase in the international gold supply
d)Populist fusion with the Democratic party
e)the creation of the Federal Reserve Board


Which one of the following was not among influential Populist leaders?
a)William "Coin" Harvery
b)Ignatius Donnelly
c)Mary elizabeth Lease
d)James B. Weaver
e)Eugene V. Debs


All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1869 except
a)he had a brilliant mind
b)he was very youthful
c)he was an energetic and charismatic campaigher
d)he was an excellent orator
e)he radiated honesty and sincerity


Match (Pullman strike)
A.Richard Olney
B.Eugene V. Debs
C.George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld
1.Head of the American Railway union that organized the strike
2.Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3.United States attorney general who brought in fderal troops to crush the strike
4.Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began

A-3 B-1 C-4 D-2

In the election of 1896, the major issue became
a)resoration of protective tariffs
b)enactment of an income tax
c)government programs for those unemployed as a result of the depression
d)the rights of farmers and industrial workers
e)free and unlimited coinage of silver


The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was___ the Republicans nominated ____ and the Populists endorsed_____

William Jennings Bryan, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan

Farmerswere slow to organize and promote their interest because they
a)were not well educated
b)did not possess the money necessary to establish a national political movement
c)were divided by the wealitheir, more powerful manufactureres and railroad barons
d)were too busy trying to eke out a living
e)were by nature highly independent and individualistic


In a bid to win labor's support, the Populist Party
a)supported restrictions on immigration
b)nominated Samule Gompers for president
c)opposed injunctions against labor strikes
d)endorsed workmen's compensation laws
e)proposed a law guaranteeing the right to organize and strike


Japanese immigrants first entered US territory to work as
a)construction workers on the transcontinental railroad
b)"yellow peril" villains in the Hollywood movie industry
c)servants and gardeners for San Francisco's wealthy elite
d)laborers on Hawaii's sugar plantations
e)factory workers in California's canning industry


The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note called on all big powers, including the US, to
a)recognize Philippine independence at an early date
b)guarantee the independence of Cuba
c)maintain a balance of power in East Asia
d)observe the territorial integrity of China
e)pursue further investment in China


In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion
a)to maintain the international balance of power
b)to open up new markets for industrial goods
c)to spread American religion and values
d)to ease labor violence at home
e)to maintain white racial superiority


Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by
a)building the Panama Canal
b)making Puerto Rico a US colony
c)involving the US in the border dispute between Venezuela and Britain
d)adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
e)sending US troops to the Dominican Republic


The British gave up their opposition to an American controlled isthmian canal because they
a)sold their rights to Philippe Bunau-Varilla
b)could see no economic gans in continuing to block cancal construction
c)confronted an unfriendly Euope and were bogged down in the Boer War
d)were involved in a war with India
e)accepted American domination of Latin America


In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908,
a)the Japanese government agreed to limit the number of Japanese immigrant laborers entering the US
b)the US and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial goldings in the Pacific
c)the US agreed to accept a Japanese sphere of influence in China
d)the Japanese agreed to accept the segregation of Japanese children in California schools in return for the US' recognition of control of Korea
e)Japan agreed to accept US control of the Philippines in exchange for Japanese domination of Manchuria


The independent republic annexed by the US during the Spanish-American War, but not acquired as a result of the war


Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War
a) on his own initiative
b)as a way of enhancing America's position in East Asia
c)when Russia asked for his assistance
d)because he feared that the British might intervene and thus gain prestige
e)when Japan secretly asked him to help


In 1904 the Russo-Japanese War started because
a)Russia was seeking ice free ports in Chinese Manchuria
b)the US refused to force Russia from Sakhalin Island
c)Russia had forced Japan out of China
d)Russia feared growing Japanese power in the Pacific
e)of racial tensions between Russians and Japanese


When the US invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War,
a)the army ecountered stiff resistance from the Spanish
b)the resulting battle ended the war
c)most of the population greeted the invaders as liberating heroes
d)heavy fighting occurred in the harbor at San Juan
e)its intentions were to grant Puerto Rican independence


During the Spanish-American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of

The revolution in Panama began when ?

On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, The Supreme Court ruled that

a) American laws did not necessarily apply

The numerous near wars and diplomatic cirses of the US in the late 1880s and 1890 demonstrated

e) the aggressive new national mood

to justify american intervention in the venezuela boundary dispute with britain the secretary of state olney invoked the

Monroe Doctrine

a major weakness of spain in the apsnish american war was

b)the wretched condition of its navy
by the 1890s the US was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in population, wealth, industrial production

In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the US to help Cuba gain its independence Cuban insurrectos

e) adopted a scorched-earth policy of burning can fields and sugan mills

The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by

d)arbitration of the Venezuelan and British colonies

during the boundary dispute between venezuela and britain the US

A)threatened war unless Britain backed down and accepted Venezuelas claim

American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed

b)their economic potential for American businessmenn seeking trade with China and other Asian nations

Which of the following prominent Americans was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?

e)Grover Cleveland

The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when

e)Emilio Aguinaldo, the filipino leader was captured

The "Rough Riders" organized principally by TR,

e)were commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood

The US gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the

b)Platt Amendment

Arrange the following events in chronological order

sinking of the Maine, American declaration of war on Spain, passage of the Teller Amendment, passage of the Platt Amendment

Pres. McKinley justified american acquisition of the philippines primarily by emphasizing that

e)there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition

US naval captain Mahan argued that

b)control of the sea was the key to world domination

Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the US could be rushed through the US Senatin in 1893

Pres. Harrison's term expird and anti imperialist Cleveland became president

America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote


During the building of the Panama Canal, all of the following difficulties were encountered except

a)guerilla warfare wage by Panamanian rebels against the US

Pres. Roosevelt organizd a conference in Portsmouth, NH in 1905 to

e)mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War

Starting in 1917 many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland US seekinjg

The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to e)justify US intervention inthe affairs of Latin American countries

Regarding the presidency, TR believed that

c)the Pres. could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the Constitution

Pres. Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because

c)he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority opposed annexation to the US

Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they

a)feared that American missions would be jeopardized and chinese markets closed to non-Europeans

The greatest loss of life for American fighting men durin the Spanish-american War resulted from

d)sickness in both Cuba and the US

in 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because

b)the US refused to five the Filipino people their independence

The real purpose of teddy Roosevelts assault on trustswas to

prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country

Which of the following was not among the issues addressed by women in progressive movement?

ending special regulations governing women in the workplace

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus on attention on the

plight of the workers in the stockyards and meat-packing industry.

The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they

sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it iwth democratic controls.

During his presidency, Teddy Roosevelt did all of the following except

tame capitalism

The progressive inspired city manager system of government

was designed to remove politics from municipal administration

According to the text, Teddy Roosevelts most enduring achievement may have been

his efforts supporting the environment

Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the pgoressive attack on social ills was to

make the public aware of social problems

The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of

railroad regulations

Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 stike in the anthracite coal mines by

threatening to sieze the mines and to operate them with federal troops

The idea of "multiple use resource management" incldued all of the following practives except

damming of rivers

The progressive movement was instrumental in getting the Seventeenth amendment added to the constitution, which provided for

direct election of senators

To regain the power that the people had lost to the "interests", progressive advocated all of the following except


Match each early-twentieth century muckracker below with the target of his or her expose

David G. Philipps - The united states Supreme court
Ida Tarbell - The Standard Oil Company
Lincoln Steffens - city government
Ray Stannard Baker - the condition of blacks

Teddy Roosevelt weakend himself politically after his election of 1904 when he

announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president


was closely tied to the feminist movement and women's causes

Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives highest priority was

governmental efficiency

Progressive reformers wer mainly men and women from the

middle class

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female pgrogressive activity because they

introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns

The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the

the Greenback Labor Party and the populist

Political progressivisim

emerged in both major partiies, in all regions, at all levels of government

Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was especially facilitated by the publication of

Upton Sinclairs The Jungle

As president, William Howard Taft

was wedded more to the status quo than to progressive change.

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that

the national governemnt did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute

While president Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the

Square Deal

as part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following except

control of labor

While present, Teddy Roosevelt

greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency

The "real Heart" of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to

use the government as an agency of human welfare.

Lincoln Steffens in his sereies of articles entitled, "The Shame of the Cities"

unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government

Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associate with Roosevelt's presidency was the

Newlands Act

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed

dollar diplomacy

Female progressives often justified their reformist political activities on the basis of

their being essentially an extension of women's traditional roles as wives and mothers.

The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led to many states to pass

restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry

President Roosevelt believed that the federal governemnt should adopt a policy of


The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was

the Women's Christian Temperance union

All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives except

abolishing special workplace protections for women

Match each late nineteenth century social critic below with the target of his criticisms

Thorstein Veblen - "conspicious consumption"
Jack London - destruction of nature
Jacob Riis - slum conditions
Henry demarest Lloyd - "bloated trusts"

According to progressives the cure for all American democracy ills was

more democracy

Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because

William Howard Taft had seemed ot discard Roosevelt's policies

The progressive "Bull Moose" party died when

Teddy Roosevelt refused to run as the party presidential candidate in 1916.

Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can best be described as

having fait in them if they were properly educated

Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because

President wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage

Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to

Victoriano Huerta

As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as

passionate reformer
Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following except scorn for the ideal of self - determination for minority peoples in other countries

Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party

Woodrow Wilson - Democratic
Theodore Roosevelt - Progressive
William Howard Taft - Republican
Eugene V. Debs - Socialist

Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism

supported a broad program of social welfare and government regulation of business

According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was

The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson was Louis D. Brandeis

In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on the Democratic platform that included all of the following except a call for

Dollar diplomacy

The 1912 presidential election was notable because

it gave the voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies.

Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy


When congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to

lower tariff rates

In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he

personally delivered his presidential address to congress

President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of mexico until

American saliors were arrested in the port of Tampico

From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain

pulled the American economy out of a recession

When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelts name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it

symbolized the rising political status of women

When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the

working class

Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in our purchases all of the following countries except


The Federal Reserve Act of 1913, guaranteed a substational measure of public control over the Amercican banking system through the final authoritiy given to the

presidentially appointed Federal Reserve Board.

Before he was elected president in 1912, Woodrow Wilson had been

state governor

The Clayton Anti-----Trust Act

explicityly legalized strikes and peaceful picketing.

The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority to

issue paper money and increase the amount of money in circulation

cause of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the ______________ "labor's Magna Charta."

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

As a politician, Woodrow Wilson was

inflexible and stubborn

When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that the

currency was inelastic

The Sixteenth Amendment provided for

a personal income tax

Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by

academic scholars

Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti-imperialist U.S. foreign policy

sent American marines to Haiti

Senator Robert La Follette's Progressive party advocated all of the following EXCEPT
a) government ownership of railroads
b) relief for farmers
c) opposition to antilabor injunctions
d) opposition to monopolies
e) increased power for the Supreme Court


John Dewey can rightly be called the "father of ---"

progressive education

The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was


Marcus Gravey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association is known for all of the following except

establishing the idea of the talented tenth to lead African Americans

The following were among the platform planks adopted by the Populist Party in their convention of 1892:

government ownership of the railroads, telephone, and telegraph, free and unlimited coinage of silver in the ration of 16 to 1, a one-term limit on the presidency, immigration restrictions

The four states completely carried by the Populists in the election of 1892 were

Kansas, Colorado, Idaho, and Nevada

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