Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
The Scientific Revolution
Terms in this set (17)
Aristotle and Ptolemy
Men who promoted an "old school" model of the universe - heliocentric. They did utilize observation to do so, which caused people to believe their visions of the universe for centuries.
St. Thomas Aquinas
A Dominican priest whose work in the 1200s shaped catholic understanding of the relationship of faith and reason. He attempted to unite the Catholic Church with Aristotle's model and studies.
15th century invention which revolutionized the ability to print information which in turn affected the speed of the spread of information itself.
He believed in a heliocentric, or sun-centered, conception of the universe. He argued that the Sun was at the center of the universe. The planets revolved around the sun. Did not publish until his death bed due to fear of excommunication.
German astronomer, he theorized theta the planets moved in an elliptical path around the sun.
This scientist proved Copernicus' theory that the sun was the center of the solar system by improving the telescope. He developed the modern experimental method, and also theorized about gravity, but couldn't prove it.
English mathematician and scientist- invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. was supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.
Wrote the first Anatomy textbook, "On the Fabric of the Human Body" in 1543 after dissecting human bodies and recording information.
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood, the circulatory system, and the function of the heart.
17th century French philosopher; wrote Discourse on Method; 1st principle "I think therefore I am"; studied analytical geometry (Descarte's Rule of Signs) known as father of modern rationalism.
He believed that people should gain knowledge through scientific investigation that depended on close observation. Thus, he theorized about the "Scientific Method."
"Father of Modern Chemistry" - determined that there was an inverse relationship between pressure and volume.
Antoine Van Leeuwenhoek
He perfected the microscope and was the first person to describe cells.
Wrote about the fact that women needed to fully participate in the scientific realm. Wrote of the "tyrannical government of men over women."
A German astronomer, and one of the first famous astronomers of her period due to her writings on the conjunction of the sun with Saturn and Venus and Jupiter and Saturn in 1709 and 1712. Not allowed a position in the Berlin Academy of Sciences because she was a woman.
First European woman to earn a doctorate degree. This paved the way for other women as she proved that women could be accomplished academics and polymaths.
Emilie Du Chatelet
A woman who was educated in the sciences. She was trained as a mathematician and physicist. She helped stimulate interest in science in France by translating Newton's work from Latin to French.
Recommended textbook explanations
World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
World History Human Legacy
Peter Stearns, Sam Wineburg, Susan Elizabeth Ramirez
Anthony Esler, Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis
Modern World History
This set is often in folders with...
Art and Music of the 1700s
Enlightened Despots and 18th Century Wars
You might also like...
AP Euro Scientific Revolution
Scientific Revolution/Enlightenment Worksheet
AP Euro Scientific Revolution
AP EURO CHAP 16
Other sets by this creator
Haitian and Latin American Revolutions
Early Modern Asia and the Middle East
Medieval African States