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Behavioral Medicine

an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease

Health Psychology

a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine


the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

General Adaptation Syndrome

Seyle's concept that the body responds to stress with alarm, resistance and exhaustion


exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration

Coronary Heart Disease

the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries

Type A

Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people

Type B

Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people

Psychophysiological Illness

Literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.


the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: 'B' form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; 'T' form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.

Aerobic Exercise

sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety


a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension

Alternative Medicine

A variety of therapeutic or preventative health care practices that are alternatives to mainstream medicine, such as chiropractic, homeopathy, acupuncture, Chinese medicine, naturopathy, and herbal medicine.

Approach Approach Conflict

a conflict in which one must choose between two equally attractive options

Avoidance Avoidance Conflict

the internal conflict that occurs when competing alternatives are equally unpleasant

Approach Avoidance Conflict

the internal conflict that occurs when a course of action has both positive and negative aspects


alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods

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