17 terms

Chapter 14 AP Psych Vocab

Behavioral Medicine
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
Health Psychology
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
General Adaptation Syndrome
Seyle's concept that the body responds to stress with alarm, resistance and exhaustion
exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
Coronary Heart Disease
the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
Type B
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people
Psychophysiological Illness
Literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.
the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: 'B' form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; 'T' form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.
Aerobic Exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension
Alternative Medicine
A variety of therapeutic or preventative health care practices that are alternatives to mainstream medicine, such as chiropractic, homeopathy, acupuncture, Chinese medicine, naturopathy, and herbal medicine.
Approach Approach Conflict
a conflict in which one must choose between two equally attractive options
Avoidance Avoidance Conflict
the internal conflict that occurs when competing alternatives are equally unpleasant
Approach Avoidance Conflict
the internal conflict that occurs when a course of action has both positive and negative aspects
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods