Biology EOI Review (Oklahoma), Baroque Art, Classical Authors, Government Vocabulary, Oklahoma History
Terms in this set (184)
_____ generate their own organic matter through photosynthesis
The process by which autotrophic organisms use light energy to make sugar and oxygen gas from carbon dioxide and water.
The Calvin Cycle
Cycle that mass sugar from carbon dioxide and light
Photosynthesis occurs in the _____
6 CO2 + 6 H2O -s-u-n-l-i-g-h-t-> C6H12O2 (glucose) + 6 O2
Formula for Photosynthesis
First step of cellular respiration
Second step of cellular respiration
Third step of cellular respiration
A segment of DNA that controls a specific trait
The alternate (or contrasting) form of a gene)
Refers to an allele that masks gene expression of another allele for the same trait
The allele that is masked by the presence of another allele for the same trait
Number of times an event is expected to happen / number of opportunities for an event to happen
Traits blend together because neither is dominant, like mixing paint. (Ex. White flowers • red flowers = pink flowers)
Both traits show up because both are dominant.
Packages and modifies the proteins and lipids into vesicles for export out of the cell.
An extra layer of protection for the cell outside the cell membrane; plant cells only.
Organelle that contains chlorophyll which traps sunlight to create food and energy for the plant cell during photosynthesis; makes sugar
Fills with food, water, and waste material for storage; this particular "variation" of the organelle is in plant cells only
Fills with food being digested and waste material on its way out of the cell.
Gatekeeper of the cell. Semi-permeable layer, made of a bilayer of phospholipids, allowing some substances, while blocking others
Contain digestive enzymes that break down nutrients, foreign invaders, and recycle the worn out parts of the cell
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Embedded with ribosomes and transports substances through the cell in sacks called cistern. Also involved in protein production.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Has no ribosomes; metabolizes lipids and produces steroids. Controls calcium levels and detoxifies poisons and alcohol. Also prepares and modifies proteins and lipids for export out of the cell.
Has a double membrane and its own DNA, is the powerhouse of the cell, and it creates ATP for the cell from glucose
Makes proteins that help with the process of protein stimulus, which is also controlled by the nucleus; made in the nucleolus.
A jelly like material that surrounds all the organelles within a cell. Protects the organelles and holds them in place.
Surrounds the nucleus and is embedded with phospholipids and proteins
Help materials within the nucleus travel to the surrounding cytoplasm.
Is when microtubules are made; only in animal cells.
Help during the process of cell division, also known as mitosis; animal cells only
Cell > Organ > Organ System > Organism > Population > Community > Ecosystem > Biosphere
Water sticks to itself
Water sticks to other things
Strength of bonds on the surface of water
How much you can heat water before it boils
Chemicals that make up life; all contain carbon
Simple and complex sugars; quickest energy source
Fats; store energy; make up cell membrane
Make up muscles; also carry out cell functions
Make up DNA and RNA
No nucleus or membrane bound organelles, usually present: the cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, and ribosomes. Bacteria are an example.
Have a nucleus or membrane and lots of membrane bound organelles. Have mitochondria and includes Plant and Animal cells.
Brain of cell; houses DNA and helps with protein stimulus.
Membrane that protects cells and acts as a boundary between what's inside and outside the cell.
Two layers of phosphates and fat on the plasma membrane
Phospholipid that likes water, points towards it.
Phospholipid that hates water, points away from it.
Small molecules, moving across the membrane from area of high to low concentration
Diffusion of water across the plasma membrane. Water moves to where it's saltier.
Water concentration is the same inside and outside the cell; water moves in and out on equal rates
Water concentration is higher inside the cell; water will move out of cell; cell shrinks
Water concentration is higher outside the cell; water will move into cell; cells swell
No energy needed. Moves high to low. Diffusion, Osmosis, Channel Proteins.
Uses energy, moves from low to high, Carrier Proteins, Endocytosis, Exocytosis.
When small molecules cannot diffuse, they can use membrane proteins to help. No energy used, moves large amounts of water across the membrane.
When small molecules cannot diffuse, they can use membrane proteins to help. Energy used, molecules bund to protein to move across the membrane.
When molecules are too big: engulfing large molecules; bringing them into the cell. Pinocytosis= liquids, phagocytosis= solids
"Throwing up" molecules, taking them out of the cell
Occurs in the mitochondria of plant and animal cells. Makes ATP. Happens anytime- day or night. Needs oxygen O2, makes carbon dioxide
C6H12O6 (glucose) + 6O2 -> 6 H2O + 6CO2 + ATP
Asexual body cell reproduction, PMAT, start with 46 chromosomes in 1 cell and ends with 2 cells, each with 46 chromosomes. Exact copy of the parent cell.
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes; nuclear membrane breaks down.
Chromosomes line up along equator
Chromosomes pulled to opposite end of the cell
Chromosomes begin to unravel; nuclear membranes reform
Cell pinches apart
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes; nuclear membrane breaks down; homologous chromosomes find their match
Homologous chromosomes line up across from each other along equator
Each homologous chromosome pulled to opposite ends of the cell (don't split in half this time, whole X moves from one side or another)
First cell pinches in two; process begins again with two cells
Just like PMAT in Mitosis, just with two cells instead of one
Occurs in sex cells, (gametes = egg and sperm), sexual reproduction, starts with 46 chromosomes in 1 cell & end with four cells each with 23 chromosomes (half), different from parent cells; haploid.
Father of genetics
Traits carried on either X or Y chromosome. Often on the X chromosome. More common in males.
Make their own energy and food
Have to eat something to get energy
Eat primary consumers
Eat secondary consumers
Rembrandt's Masters of the Cloth Guild
Rembrandt's Self Portrait 1660
Vermeer's The Artist's Studio
Vermeer's The Kitchen Maid
Vermeer's Girl with the Pearl Earrings
Vermeer's View of Delft
Vermeer's Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window
Vermeer's Officer with a Laughing Girl
Vermeer's the Astronomer
Vermeer's the Geographer
Poussin's Assumption of the Virgin
Poussin's Landscape with Orpheus and Euridice
Hogarth's Beer Street
Hogarth's Breakfast Scene
Frans Hals "The Laughing Cavalier"
Frans Hals "The Jolly Toper"
Velasquez "Old Woman Cooking Eggs"
Velasquez "Las Meninas"
Gainsborough's "Mrs. Philip Thicknesse"
Gainsborough's "Blue Boy"
Joshua Reynolds "George Clive and his family with an Indian Maid"
Caravaggio "Conversion of St. Paul
Peter Paul Rubens "Descent from the Cross"
Van Dyck "Charles I at the Hunt"
Christopher Wren's "St. Paul's Cathedral"
Greek playwright known for his Oresteia trilogy (AGAMEMNON; THE LIBATION BEARERS; THE EUMENIDES/THE FURIES); SEVEN AGAINST THEBES; PROMETHEUS BOUND
Greek slave in Phrygia known for his animal fables
Greek writer of comedy known for CLOUDS; WASPS; BIRDS; LYSISTRATA; FROGS; and PLUTUS
Roman orator and statesman who introduced Greek ideas and technical terms into Latin; wrote the PHILIPPICS, 14 speeches attacking Mark Antony; DE ORATORE; DE REPUBLICA, a study of govt.
Greek playwright whose 18 surviving plays include MEDEA; IPHIGENIA IN AULIS; ALCESTIS; HIPPOLYTUS; ANDROMACHE; HECUBA; HERACLES; THE TROJAN WOMEN; ELECTRA
Jewish historian who wrote ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, a history of the Jews, and THE JEWISH WAR, a history of the war between the Jews and the Romans in the 1st century CE
Greek historian who in 9 books traced the rise of the Persian Empire, the Persian invasions of Greece in 490 and 480 BCE and the Greeks' resistance to those invasions
father of Greek didactic poetry who wrote WORKS AND DAYS, which is filled with maxims for farmers, and THEOGONY, a genealogy of the Greek gods
Greek poet known for the ILIAD and ODYSSEY, epics about events during and after the Trojan War
Roman poet famous for ODES; EPODES, a collection of ode-like poems; EPISTLES, letters to his friends; SATIRES
Roman poet known for 16 satires ridiculing extravagances in Rome
Roman historian who wrote HISTORY FROM THE FOUNDING OF THE CITY, telling Rome's history up to 9 BCE in 142 books, 35 of which survived
Roman author who developed the epigram into its modern form
Roman poet known for his ART OF LOVE and other love poems and his METAMORPHOSES, describing the adventures and love affairs of Greek and Roman gods and heroes, legendary and historical--in each story, someone transforms or is transformed into something else
Greek biographer known for his PARALLEL LIVES OF ILLUSTRIOUS GREEKS AND ROMANS
Greek lyric poet from the island of Lesbos known for her 4-line stanza called the SAPPHIC. Fun fact: she was lesbian and from Lesbos
Greek playwright whose 7 surviving tragedies include AJAX; ANTIGONE; OEDIPUS REX; ELECTRA; OEDIPUS AT COLONUS
Roman historian who wrote HISTORIES, a critical work about the Year of the Four Emperors; ANNALS, a history of Rome from Augustus to Nero; GERMANIA, a history of early German tribes
Greek historian famous for his HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR, covering the war between Athens and Sparta from 431-411 BCE, though it actually continued until 404 BCE
Roman author who wrote the AENEID; ECLOGUES/BUCOLICS; GEORGICS, a poem of advice to farmers
Greek author whose ANABASIS tells of the 1500 mile march home made by 10,000 Greeks who chose him to lead them after all of their other leaders had been killed in a 401 BCE battle
the dividing of representatives among the states based upon population.
count of the population every ten years
election where voters choose who they want to represent their party in the presidential election
election where voters choose who will win an elected office
deals with non-criminal cases
deals with criminal cases
name for Ohio's legislature
strong supporter of a party, cause or person
taking away the right to vote
The redrawing of district boarders within states (done after census for U.S. House districts in states where population adds or takes away a representative.
sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose. appropriation bills set aside funds for government programs.
drawing districts to give an advantage to one specific party.
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in similar circumstances.
Advice and Consent
power of Congress to approve presidential appointments (supreme court, treaties, ambassadors, federal judges)
consisting of two houses (both the U.S. Congress and the Ohio General Assembly have this system)
is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity (charges done by House, trial done by Senate)
minimum amount of people needed to conduct business
a person under arrest must be brought before a judge or into court. cannot be unlawfully held by government.
Ex Post Facto
A law cannot be made that will punish someone for a crime they committed before it was made a crime.
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The Speaker, a member of the House, is elected by a majority party caucus. Second in line for the presidency.
the head of the majority party in a legislative body,
the head of the minority party in a legislative body
the people who are represented by an elected official
an action such as a prolonged speech that stops a vote in the Senate from happening.
members from both houses meet to work out their differences on a bill and create a final version
a provision added to a bill that has nothing to do with what is in the bill
when the president does not sign or veto a bill. It becomes law in ten days.
Who was the leader of the Boomers?
What was the eastern half of region that was to become Oklahoma?
What was the western half of region that was to become Oklahoma?
A person who entered the Unassigned Lands before the Land Run and was able to claim the best land.
A shelter built on the prairie, made of bricks of sod.
A long period of time without rainfall
Oklahoma's first governor.
Wells that spray large amounts of oil into the air without being pumped.
A place where workers make gasoline and other products from oil
A time during the 1930's when many people lost their jobs and businesses failed.
The Great Depression
The states hurt badly by the drought of the 1930's, including Oklahoma.
The Dust Bowl
The year in which Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the United States.
Oklahoma's state animal.
Oklahoma's state bird
Oklahoma's state tree
Oklahoma's first capital
A Spanish explorer who planned an expedition to look for Indian cities of gold. He was the first non-Indian to visit Oklahoma.
A French explorer who claimed land west of the Mississippi for the king of France. This land included all of present day Oklahoma
A place where people could get goods they needed in exchange for crops they had grown or things they had made.
The land bought by the United States from France in 1803 that nearly doubled the size of the country
A place on the frontier where people live
An agreement among nations
The route the Five Tribes were forced to follow from their homes in the Southeast to Indian Territory during the 1820's and 1830's.
Trail of Tears
An Indian who invented the Cherokee alphabet
A war in which the North and South fought against each other
The herding of large numbers of cattle over trails to railroad shipping stations
A trail that was used to herd cattle from Texas to Abilene, Kansas
A farmer that was determined to push his way onto the Indians' land
A law passed in 1862 that promised settlers 160 acres of land if they would live on the land for five years
A land run that opened the Unassigned Lands to settlement
Land Run of 1889
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