86 terms

english vocab coates

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abeyance
an uneasy truce for a finite period of time
abysmal
from the word
abyss
immeasurably deep or great
Aeschylus
oldest of the 3 supremely great Athenian dramatists of the 5th century BC; wrote The Persian Women and The Oresteian Trilogy
affront
an insult
alliteration
riming of initial consonant sounds
archaic
no longer used
archetype
the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based
assonance
rhyming of internal vowel sound
astrology
the (pseudo)science of understanding the future by studying the influence of the planets on the lives of individuals
bade
past tense of bid; a strong form of the verb changing the form of the verb in past participle
bawdy
indecent, rude, or lewd humor, oftentimes being sexual in nature
blank verse
unrimed iambic pentameter
blood feud
extended conflict between clans, sometimes involving violence and murder
choleric
extremely irritable or easily angered
citizenship (civis)
meaning in Shakespeare's Verona differs from 21st century US
civil
polite behavior
clans and tribes
extended family groups involving multiple generations, an absolute ruler, and a disposition toward blood feuds
class humor
humor based on finding fault with members of a different class
close reading
reading in an analytical way, with strong attention given to key words, cultural backgrounds, and contextual thinking
courtier
aristocrat or near=aristocrat who are rivals for the king or queen's attention
cyclical
adj. form of cycle
de facto
in fact
de jure
in law d
ebase
to corrupt or make impure
demesne
the place that you rule
dignity
rank
domain
the place that you rule
dominion
the place that you rule
double entendre
words or phrases that have multiple meanings, one of which is sexual connotations
elude
to escape
end rime
riming the last sounds of lines
endemic
in the nature of the thing
enjambment
a line of poetry whose sense continues unbroken into the next line, as opposed to an end-stopped line.
Euripides
the third member of the troika of 5th century Athenian drama; wrote The Trojan Women and the Medea
exemplum
a tale used as a moral example; loosely, any example
fatal
deadly; decided by fate
fecund / fecundity
fertility, rich with life
flyting
Anglo=Saxon word for wit combat
gainsay
minimize or deny
germane
closely relevant
groundlings
sometimes unruly section of a Shakespearean audience who paid a penny per ticket
heroic couplet
consecutive lines of unrimed iambic pentameter
iamb
metrical foot containing two syllables the first of which is unaccented, the second accented
iambic pentameter
a five-foot iambic line
internal rime
rime weithin a line; alliteration, assonance
Lammastide
August 1 in the Church calendar
mayhem
disorderly behavior involving varriable degrees of collateral damage
measure
a length of music
meter
a technique for measuring and controlling rhythm in verse
misadventur'd
something that has gone bad
motif
a repeating element within a larger body of work. Over time, it gains thematic significance by virtue of being repeated.
mutiny
riotous resistance to authority
naïf
noun meaning one who is innocent of the adult world
nought
not any nuclear vs. extended family
number
metaphorical pattern
old accustom'd
habitual
paradox
2 or more true statements which contradict one another; 2 or more facts which are mutually exclusive
pater familias
absolute head of an extended family
pernicious
causing insidious harm or ruin
piteous
pitiful
poesy
the art and techniques of poetry
poignant (French origin)
full of deep feeling
polis, -ei
a city state
primus inter pares
1st among equals
princeps
1st man, prince
profaner
one who debases something pure; one who is vulgar and coarse
prologue
preliminary matter of a literary worrk
retainer
an individual who is part of the household but is not kin.
rex
king
run-on line
cf. enjambment
salutation
formal greeting
Scholastic Philosophy
cf. scholasticism
scholasticism
an analytical form of philosophy designed to reconcile Christianity with logic sonnet
Sophocles
part of Athens' 5th century explosion of dramatic greatness; wrote Odeipus Tyrannos and Electra
strong verb
a verb that changes its internal form in the past participle syllable = one or more letters working together to produce a single sound.
teen
sorrow
thrust stage
a back leading offstage with the other three sides moving into the crowd
titular
having the title of
tone
the attitude of the speaker toward his subject
troika
rule of three (from the Russian)
typify
typical of
unruly
hard to control, resistant toward authority
vicar
Anglican village priest
viceroy
one who rules in the name of another; the person who exercises the authority of a king in the place of God who is the real king
volatile
very unstable
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