What was the first Western music to be preserved in written notation rather than passed down by oral tradition?
The term, referring to the organization of time in music, gives shape to the pitches of the melody.
A __________ is the basic chord in music; it consists of three pitches arranged in a specific manner
Which voice category has a range that falls between the high and low male voice categories?
What is the name of the musical element that refers to the density and disposition of musical lines within a composition?
The musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines is called __________.
__________ is the distinctive sound produced by the interaction of the elements of music, creating a special manner of presentation.
What began in the monasteries of Western Europe around the year 1000?
musical notation, with note-heads placed on lines and spaces
Which church administrator decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of the liturgical year?
Pope gregory the great
Given to the church as a tithe while still a child, this composer of Gregorian chant later founded a convent and gave advice to popes as well as kings.
Hildegard of Bingen
What does "humanism" mean?
he belief that people have the capacity to shape their world, and create good and beautiful things; emphasizes self-esteem and human worth
The Council of Trent, influenced by the music of __________, decided to retain polyphony in the Mass.
A __________ is a distinctive motive that is sung or played in turn by each voice or instrumental line
point of imitation
The idea that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions of the listener is known as:
doctrine of affections
The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantata is called:
What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the early Baroque era?
The most common basso continuo group was the:
harpsicord and a low sting instrument such as the viola da gamba
Which term describes the sharp, abrupt dynamic contrasts found in the music of the Baroque era?
Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is called:
What type of vocal style is characterized by clear meter, regular rhythms, and long vocal melismas (one vowel spread out over many notes)?
The manner of composing for instruments that exploits the strengths, special abilities, and color of a particular instrument or voice while avoiding its weaknesses is known as:
Which instrument dominated the sound of the Baroque orchestra and generally led to the rising popularity of instrumental music?
Which genre of composition consists of two sections; the first is set in a slow duple meter with stately dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast triple meter in an imitative style?
Which musician was engaged to teach music for a girl's orphanage, the Hospice of Mercy, and wrote many solo concertos for the all-female orchestra?
How did the style of late Baroque music change from those that characterized the early part of the period?
all of the above.... haha look it up i gues
A note, usually in the bass, that is sustained (or repeated) for a period of time while harmonies change around it is called:
a pedal point
Which composer spent the greatest part of his career as the Cantor of the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig, working there between 1723 and 1750?
Which composer was born and trained in Germany, established his reputation in Italy, and made his career in England?
This genre, intended for entertainment as well as spiritual edification, had a libretto based on stories from the Bible.
Identify the statement regarding comic opera (opera buffa) that does not apply.
(so not about comic opera) it was beautiful, grandiose, somewhat stiff, and expensive to produce.
(about comic opera -->) stories either mocked the nobility for its pomposity and incompetence or criticized it for being heartless
Identify the musical trait that is NOT typical of Classic period style.
rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement
Phrases that are dependent upon each other to produce a complete musical idea are called __________ and __________.
What term describes the technique of playing the notes of a chord in succession rather than simultaneously, providing a continuous stream of sound?
Identify the statement that does NOT apply to Vienna during the late eighteenth century.
it was the largest city in Europe
One of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style, he composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations form for a movement in that genre. Because of his innovations, he is known as the "father of the string quartet."
The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:
Which section of sonata-allegro form frequently consists of unstable harmonies, plentiful use of melodic and harmonic sequence, and fugato?
Mozart found the system of aristocratic patronage irritating, and after several unpleasant scenes with his patron, the archbishop of Salzburg, he cut himself free and moved to Vienna, determined to make a living as a freelance musician.
This composition was first performed in London in 1792, and the audience so enjoyed the theme and variations movement that they cheered, demanding that the orchestra play it again as an encore.
Haydn, Symphony No. 94, "The Surprise," second movement
Which movement of a symphony is normally characterized by a fast tempo, use of sonata-allegro form, and has a serious and substantive mood?
Which genre is primarily intended for a small audience or just for the performers themselves?