the reactions a reader has to the form, content, and/or beauty of a work and that engender enjoyment or an emotional reaction in that reader EX- When I read "Ode to my socks" I wished that I wore socks that day, I also thought it was a funny poem.
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words EX- "Alice's aunt ate apples and acorns around August."
the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words EX- "Hear the mellow wedding bells"
unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentamter EX- "Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last syllable of recorded time;"
the attitudes and feelings associated with a word EX- "Hollywood holds connotations of romance, beauty and glittering success."
the repetition of consenants (or consonant patterns) especially at the end of words EX- "Spelled and scald"
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word EX- "House: the actual building or structure"
precise word choice; selection of words for specific denotative, connotative, or figurative purposes EX-Matsuo for the Haiku made sure it was Harvest moon, not a regular moon
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning; speech or writing employing figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, etc. EX- "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
fixed form poems
poems that conform to definite, predetermined patterns of line and stanza, e.g., sonnets ballads, haikus, villanelles, sestinas, etc. EX- "O What is that Sound"
the way a poem is laid out on the page; the length and placement of the lines and the grouping of lines into stanzas EX- The poem has 4 stanzas in "O What is that Sound"
poetry that does not contain a regular pattern of rhyme and meter EX- "The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on."
exaggeration EX- " I ran as fast as lightning"
a metrical line of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first untressed and the second stressed EX- The first few lines in "Not in a Silver Casket" show this
vivid or figurative language used to represent those things that can be perceived by the five senses: sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures, etc. EX- "The crisp autumn air reminded me, of what goods, and other treats..."
a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feeings EX- "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May..."
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unike but have something in common without using "like" or "as" EX- "The dogs were wooly mammoths"
the regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a line of poetry EX- iambic, trochaic, dactylic, anapestic
the feeling or atmosphere that the writer creates for the reader EX- In "Caged Bird," the mood switchs to free, calm to rough, scared, back and forth.
a poem that tells a story EX- Pyramus and Thisbe
the use of words such as "pow," buzz," and "crunch" whose sounds suggest their meaning EX- "BANG! They door was slammed shut!"
endowing animals, ideas, abstractions, or inanimate objects with human characeristics EX- "Harvest moon- walking around the pond"
a genre of literature in which indivdual works are generally recognizable in terms of form and/or structure (e.g., meter, versification, rhyme, etc.), and/or precise and figurative use of language EX- "Haiku," "The Raven"
a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for effect or emphasis EX- "Bells, bells, bells, bells, bells"
the occurrence of a similar or identical sound at the ends of two or more words; internal (occurs within a line), end rhyme (occurs at the ends of lines), slant rhyme (occurs when the sounds are not quite identical) EX- "Not in a Silver Casket" shows rhyme
the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry EX- The Raven has Rhythm
a figure of speech that maes a coparson between two things using the word "like" or "as" EX- "I ran as fast as lightning"
a lyric poem of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentamter EX- "O What is that Sound"
a grouping of two or more lines in a pattern that is repeated throughout a poem EX- In "O What is that Sound" each stanza had 4 lines
the practice of representing things or ideas by means of other objects or ideas; attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships EX- "Hope is the thing with feathers" shows symbolism throughout the poem saying that "hope" is like a bird.
the main idea in a work of literature EX- "Haiku" - Loneliness
a writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in his or her writing EX- How the author wrote it or what emotions it mentions can give us an idea how it would be said