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32 terms

9th Grade: Poetry Unit

The content terminology for this unit.
STUDY
PLAY
aesthetic effects
the reactions a reader has to the form, content, and/or beauty of a work and that engender enjoyment or an emotional reaction in that reader
EX- When I read "Ode to my socks" I wished that I wore socks that day, I also thought it was a funny poem.
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
EX- "Alice's aunt ate apples and acorns around August."
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
EX- "Hear the mellow wedding bells"
blank verse
unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentamter
EX- "Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time;"
connotation
the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
EX- "Hollywood holds connotations of romance, beauty and glittering success."
consonance
the repetition of consenants (or consonant patterns) especially at the end of words
EX- "Spelled and scald"
denotation
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
EX- "House: the actual building or structure"
diction
precise word choice; selection of words for specific denotative, connotative, or figurative purposes
EX-Matsuo for the Haiku made sure it was Harvest moon, not a regular moon
figurative language
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning; speech or writing employing figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, etc.
EX- "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
fixed form poems
poems that conform to definite, predetermined patterns of line and stanza, e.g., sonnets ballads, haikus, villanelles, sestinas, etc.
EX- "O What is that Sound"
form
the way a poem is laid out on the page; the length and placement of the lines and the grouping of lines into stanzas
EX- The poem has 4 stanzas in "O What is that Sound"
free verse
poetry that does not contain a regular pattern of rhyme and meter
EX- "The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on."
hyperbole
exaggeration
EX- " I ran as fast as lightning"
iambic pentameter
a metrical line of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first untressed and the second stressed
EX- The first few lines in "Not in a Silver Casket" show this
imagery
vivid or figurative language used to represent those things that can be perceived by the five senses: sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures, etc.
EX- "The crisp autumn air reminded me,
of what goods, and other treats..."
lyric poem
a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feeings
EX- "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May..."
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unike but have something in common without using "like" or "as"
EX- "The dogs were wooly mammoths"
meter
the regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a line of poetry
EX- iambic, trochaic, dactylic, anapestic
mood
the feeling or atmosphere that the writer creates for the reader
EX- In "Caged Bird," the mood switchs to free, calm to rough, scared, back and forth.
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
EX- Pyramus and Thisbe
onomatopoeia
the use of words such as "pow," buzz," and "crunch" whose sounds suggest their meaning
EX- "BANG! They door was slammed shut!"
personification
endowing animals, ideas, abstractions, or inanimate objects with human characeristics
EX- "Harvest moon- walking around the pond"
poetry
a genre of literature in which indivdual works are generally recognizable in terms of form and/or structure (e.g., meter, versification, rhyme, etc.), and/or precise and figurative use of language
EX- "Haiku," "The Raven"
repitition
a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for effect or emphasis
EX- "Bells, bells, bells, bells, bells"
rhyme
the occurrence of a similar or identical sound at the ends of two or more words; internal (occurs within a line), end rhyme (occurs at the ends of lines), slant rhyme (occurs when the sounds are not quite identical)
EX- "Not in a Silver Casket" shows rhyme
rhythm
the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
EX- The Raven has Rhythm
simile
a figure of speech that maes a coparson between two things using the word "like" or "as"
EX- "I ran as fast as lightning"
sonnet
a lyric poem of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentamter
EX- "O What is that Sound"
stanza
a grouping of two or more lines in a pattern that is repeated throughout a poem
EX- In "O What is that Sound" each stanza had 4 lines
symbolism
the practice of representing things or ideas by means of other objects or ideas; attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships
EX- "Hope is the thing with feathers" shows symbolism throughout the poem saying that "hope" is like a bird.
theme
the main idea in a work of literature
EX- "Haiku" - Loneliness
voice
a writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in his or her writing
EX- How the author wrote it or what emotions it mentions can give us an idea how it would be said