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Terms in this set (45)
a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion.
a group of people appointed for a specific function, typically consisting of members of a larger group.
confirm or support
to ask a higher court to reverse the decision of a trial court after final judgment or other legal ruling
A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority
The power of a president or governor to reject a bill proposed by a legislature by refusing to sign it into law
A work stoppage; the concerted refusal of employees to perform work that their employer has assigned to them in order to force the employer to grant certain demanded concessions, such as increased wages or improved employment conditions
A case which establishes legal principles to a certain set of facts, coming to a certain conclusion, and which is to be followed from that point on when similar or identical facts are before a court
The addition, deletion, correction, or other changes proposed or made to a document
A draft signed by a person (the drawer or maker) that directs a bank (the drawee) to pay, on demand and without conditions, a specific sum of money to another person (the payee)
Veto overriding is an action by the legislators and decision makers to override an act of veto by someone with such powers.
The Miranda warning, which can also be referred to as the Miranda rights, is a right to silence warning given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial interrogation) before they are interrogated to preserve the admissibility of their statements against them in criminal proceedings
a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
A conference committee is a committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
a government in which the real executive power rests with a cabinet of ministers who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature.
deals with state issues, Resembles federal gov. In many ways, Each state has a legislated,judicial branch as well as a governor
deal with smaller tasks, Such as Counties,City, and Town, Has budgets like federal govenrment. Most money is spent on education
Becoming US citizen
Must be born in state, One parent must be a citizen in the US, You were naturalized, You were 18 or younger when your parents were naturalized
Obey federal, state and local law
Survey on jury duty if called
Defend nation when called on
Not Required Responsibilities
Vote in federal, state and local education, Stay informed on important issues
30 years of age, 9 years citizen, and represent your own state. The term for a senator is 6 years.
House of Representatives Requirements
25 years of age, 7 years of age, and represent your own state. The term for a representative is 2 years, but they can run as many times as they want.
Head of State
The role as ceremonial head of the government
The role as head of the executive branch of the government.
-constitutionally bound to enforce the acts of Congress, the judgements of federal courts, and treaties signed by the United States
-Appointment Power: president can appoint a government office or position in the executive branch, the federal judiciary, the armed forces, and members of the independent regulatory commissions.
-Article II, Section 2: President has the power to grant reprieves and pardons (postponements or releases) for offenses against the United States except in cases of impeachment.
Commander in Chief
The role as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into Federal Service.
*War Powers Resolution: A law passed in 1873 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
-once sent, president must report to Congress within 48 hours
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties (with advice and consent from Senate. 2/3rds vote for ratification), and effecting executive agreements.
-the president dominates American foreign policy
-diplomatic recognition: power to recognize a foreign government as legitimate
-engage in executive agreements between the president and other heads of state
The role of the president in influencing the making of laws
-creates congressional agenda (through annual State of Union message, which proposes a legislative program)
-persuasive tactics to pass legislation (writes to, telephones, and meets with various congressional leaders; makes public announcements to influence public opinion)
*Bully Pulpit: A way for the president to influence the public opinion without being noticed as doing so.
-vetoing bills (can be overturned by Congress by 2/3rds roll-call vote from members present in both chambers)
Congress Clause 1
The Congress has the power to lay down and impose taxes, imposts, duties, excises, and provide defense and general warfare for America.
Congress Clause 2
The Congress has the power to borrow money on credit of US.
Congress Clause 3
The Congress has the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations and Indian tribes.
Congress Clause 4
The Congress has the power to establish laws about Bankruptcies.
Congress Clause 5
The Congress has the power to regulate money throughout the US.
Congress Clause 6
The Congress has the power to provide punishment for counterfeiting
Congress Clause 7
The Congress has the power to build post offices.
Congress Clause 8
The Congress has the power to let scientists and artists giving them rights for discoveries.
Congress Clause 11
To declare war against another country.
Congress Clause 12
To raise armies, but they can't be used for more than 2 years.
Congress Clause 18
To make all laws that are necessary for improving the US.
The American form of government emphasizes freedom, democracy, and the importance of the individual. The constitution rests on the idea popular sovereignty. As the nation changed and grew, popular sovereignty took on new meaning. A broader range of Americans shared in power.
-how peoples views are used
-framers wanted people involved-not too much say for people(not democracy)
-framers decided to be a republic (government of the people)
-people supposed to tell government what to do (not other way around)
-elect representatives to the work of the government
-takes trust in representative (get information from the people)
-requires the people are aware and informed about what's happening
-in which the power is divided between state government and national government
-delegated powers(military and army)
-reserved powers(speed limit)
-fedarlism basically starts 1861 war
Separation of Power
-concerned too much power might fall into single group
-division of basic government rules into branches
-no one branch is given too much power
-articles 1,2,3 of the constitution detail how powers are split among the three branches(legislative,executive,judicial)
Checks and Balances
-each branch of government can exercise checks or controls over the other branches
-to help make sure the branches work together fairly
-president can check power by refusing to sign law(veto)
-Supreme Court can declare a law, passed by congress and signed by president violates the constitution
-restricted power of government(limited)
-principal of limited government is also closely related to "rule of law
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