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118 terms

Medical Terminology - Prefix/Suffix/Some terms

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cyan/o-
blue
-ic, -ous, eous, ose, -ar, -ac, -ical, -al
pertaining to
orth/o-
to straighten
cyanotic
bluish skin
orthodontist
specialist who straightens teeth
donto
teeth
gyne-
female
phobin
fear
-ism
process
noct-
sleep; night
nocturia
abnormal condition of night urination
ouron
urine
cutane/o
skin
subcutaneous
below skin
sub-
below; beneath
Mittelschmerz
"middle pain" (during ovulation)
tourniquet
turning instrument used to decrease blood flow
Malaria
"bad air" (transmitted via infected mosquito
hygiene
good health
iris
colored portion of eye
panacea
cure; cure-all
eponym
disease, procedure, test, operatoin named after person(s)/place
Huntington Disease
-4th decade of life
-hereditary
-degenerative neurological disease
Graves Disease
-thyrotoxicosis = toxic thyroid (hyperplasia (bigger) of thyroid gland
Lyme Disease
-1st in Lyme, CT
-infected deer tick
-skin lesions, rash, headache, stiff neck, muscle and jt pain, bullseye
Lou Gehrig Deisease
-famous baseball player
-Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
-degenerative disease
-atrophy of muscles
acronym
first letter of several words to form another word
CAT/CT scan
Computerized Axial Tomography
CABG
(pronounced cabbage)
Coronary Artery Bipass Graft
SAD
Seasonal Affective Disease
-lack of sun = depression, chg in eating habits, doing less
GOMER
Get Out Of My ER (turned away if no insurance)
(illegal is not-for-profit)
OD
overdose; once a day; latin for 'right eye'
CNS
central nervous system
C&S
culture and sensativity
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
BS
Bachelors of Science, blood sugar, breath sounds, bowel sounds
LOLFOF
Little Old Lady Found on Floor
WDWNWF-NAD
Well-developed, well-nourished [white female] in no acute distress
-ist
specialist
-ology, -logy
study of
-ium
structure
[osteo][arhro][pathy]
bone - joint - disease/process
[an][esthes][ia]
not; no; w/o - feeling - condition of
-reduces pain sensation
[gastro][entero][logy]
stomach - intestines - study of
[hemat][ur][ia]
blood -urine - abnormal condition of
[hyper][glyc][emia]
above ave; excessive; high - sugar, glucose - abnormal blood condition of
[cardio][log][ist]
heart - studies - specialist
[pro][gnos][is]
before; forward - knowledge - condition
-pre-diagnosis; educated guess
[iatro][gen][ic]
treatment - being produced - pertaining to
-got something b/c person had something done
[electro][en(cephalo)][gram]
electricity - brain (head) - record of
-cele
hernia
-centesis
to tap or surgically puncture
-genesis
dev., production
-lysis
breakdown, destroy
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor
-osis, -ia
(abnormal) condition of
-penia
deficiency
-pexy
to fixate (typically surgically)
-plasty
repair
-poiesis
formation
-ptosis
to droop or perlapse
-sclerosis
hardening
-stasis
to stop; to control
-(o)stomy
new opening
-therapy
treatment
-trophy
dev
atrophy
no or w/o dev
-y
condition; process
-itis
inflammation
a-, an-
not; w/o; no
apnea
not; no; w/o breath
ab-
away from center
ad-
towards center
ante-
before, forward
antepartum
before labor and delivery
anti-
against
brady-
slow
bradycardia
condition of slow heart rate/beat (<50)
tachy-
fast
contra-
against; opposite
contraindication
against what was planned/scheduled
de-
down; lack of
dehydrate
lack of h2o in sys
detoxify
to remove; to get rid of
dys-
bad; difficult; painful
dystrophy
bad dev
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing; painful swallowing
dyspnea
painful or difficulty breathing
eu-
good; well
eupohoria
good feeling
euthanasia
good death (patient specific)
hemi-
left or right
semi-
half
infra-
below; inferior to; beneath
supra-
above; upper
inter-
between
intra-
w/in; into
intrauterine
withing uterus
extra-
outside
ecto-
out; outside
ectopic pregnancy
pertaining to out of place pregnancy
pan-
all
pandemic
disease prevalent country-, continent-, or world-wide
en-
in; w/in
endemic
confined to specific ppl, place
epi-
above
epidemic
disease affecting many ppl simultaneously, and very widespread
para-
near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along side of
pseudo-
false
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy (clinical signs but no embryo)
ultra-
beyond; excess
ultrasound
ultrasonic waves to therapy or diagnostics
Post Concussional Syndrome
-Shell Shock
-symptoms occur a while after concussion
Chinese restaurant syndrome
-rxn, as headache, sweating, etc. to monosodium glutanate, sometimes added to Chinese food