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HIST 1302 CH 19-21
Terms in this set (59)
The _____ did not believe in Social Darwinism, whose focus was on "survival of the fittest," and not on Jesus-inspired kindness.
Among the functions of _____ included teaching new immigrants how to become and live like middle class Americans, providing meeting places for local residents to hold political and community meetings, observing the poor to find out their needs and study social conditions in the community, and providing free health care for the poor.
In Twenty Years at Hull House (1910) _____ wrote that her work at Hull House, which she founded, had given her life meaning for the first time.
Unlike the _____ (which was mostly composed of men, like prominent leader Wayne Wheeler), the women-dominated ____ pushed for local, mandatory education programs on the evils of alcohol.
Women's Christian Temperance League
The ______ hurricane of 1900 helped spur demands that local and state governments be more responsive to people's needs.
The _____ and the _____ allowed citizens to collect a few thousand signatures on a petition to get their idea on a ballot.
Progressive governor Robert "Battling Bob" La Follette secured passage of his "________," which created commissions of experts that produced laws to conserve natural resources, regulate railroad companies, and implement workers' compensation.
President ______ considered the White House to be a "bully pulpit" from which he could intervene in national affairs.
When President Theodore Roosevelt spoke of his "_____," he referred to his fair and balanced approach to the relationship between labor and business.
The _____ was the federal government's first attempt to break up monopolies, one not widely used until Theodore Roosevelt took office as President.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Unhappy with the way his successor, _____, was running the country, Theodore Roosevelt formed the _____ Party and ran against him.
William Howard Taft
The _______ established a regional banking system under control of the federal government.
Federal Reserve Act
The _____ was the first tariff reduction since the Civil War.
The creation of the Federal Trade Commission was one of President _____ most significant achievements.
The ______ prevented the employment of children under the age of sixteen.
The ___________ Amendment granted women the right to vote.
_______________ dedicated herself to educating women about birth control.
The writings of _____________ exposed the inherent paternalism and sexism of early-twentieth-century America.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities, Jacob Riis' How the Other Half Lives, and Ida Tarbell's The History of the Standard Oil Company were all books whose authors came to be called ____________, investigative writers who exposed financially dishonest corporations, unsavory practices by meatpackers, political corruption in city machines, unsafe working conditions in factories, and so on.
Frederick W. Taylor's concept of ______________ dealt with the standardization of work tasks, such as working out the most efficient way to wield a shovel full of coal.
John Dewey and other advocates of ______________ embraced child-centered education, which referred to encouraging children to pursue their own interests rather than forcing them to memorize a curriculum..
Progressive Education Association
____________ was the belief that people with undesirable genetic makeup should be sterilized
In his famous 1893 essay, historian _______________ bemoaned the loss of a frontier in America, because he believed that the frontier had played a vital role in shaping America's national character, and the country would need a new frontier to ensure the survival of its ___________.
Frederick Jackson Turner.
In Our Country (1885), __________ argued that America had a moral duty to take Christianity to those who had never heard of it.
The purchase of _______________ was known as "Seward's Folly."
Looking to the United States for protection against colonial powers, the kingdom of ____________ granted the Americans the right to construct a naval base at Pearl Harbor.
The strained relations between Queen ____________ and American businessmen came to a head in 1893, when American rebels seized the queen, declared a provisional government, and petitioned for annexation by the United States.
Secretary of State Richard Olney used the Monroe Doctrine as the rationale for involving the U.S. in the settlement of which crisis?
This doctrine pressured Britain in the Venezuela boundary crisis
In his book, The Influence of Sea Power on History, 1660-1783 (1890) ________________ argued that only with a large modern navy and overseas supply bases could the United States sustain itself as a world power.
Alfred Thayer Mahan
The ____________________ barred the U.S. from annexing Cuba.
In order for Theodore Roosevelt to lead the ______________ into service in Cuba, he had to resign his desk-bound naval post.
As a result of the treaty that ended the ________________, Spain granted Cuba its independence and gave the United States Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines in exchange for $20 million.
The election of 1900 showed that _________________ had ceased to be a major issue in American politics and would likely diminish even more as such in the future.
The "____________" was one of the atrocities committed by American soldiers in the Philippines to quash the Filipino resistance.
The _____________ was added to the Cuban constitution and gave the United States the right to intervene militarily should revolution threaten.
The ___________ would allow all nations to trade with China on equal terms.
Open Door policy
The ____________ of 1900 aimed to throw out foreigners from China.
The American effort to build the ___________ through Central America, a project completed just before the eruption of World War I in 1914, included an independence movement by the Panamanians against Colombia.
The _________________ to the Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States would intervene in the domestic affairs of any Latin American nation whose instability threatened the security of the Western Hemisphere.
President Taft's use of American soldiers to protect the interests of the American business community in Latin America was called ____________.
The countries that entered into World War I together against the Germany and its partners were known as the _______________.
Known as the "spark" that set off World War I, the assassination of ______________ occurred on June 28, 1914.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
In the _______________, which finally pushed the United States to enter World War I, the Germans pledged to help Mexico take back Texas and other American states if Mexico would join them as wartime allies against the United States.
Rallying the public by planting articles about German atrocities in newspapers, seeking to unify new immigrants via the 100 Percent American campaign, and passing the _________________ (which carried a maximum penalty of twenty years in prison for anyone protesting the draft) were all things the U.S. government did after the United States entered WWI.
A blueprint for "a world made fit and safe to live in," Woodrow Wilson's _____________ were his wartime statement on the principles that should shape a postwar peace settlement—in sum, a plan that included resolutions for border disputes between the warring nations and a call for an association of nations to resolve disputes peacefully.
The _________________ included provisions for a German admission of guilt and payment of reparations, self-determination for nationalities, and the creation of a "general association of nations" that would later be called the _____ (and which the U.S. would never join).
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
Henry Ford revolutionized the automobile industry by developing the conveyer-belt based _____________.
_________________ refers to companies improving working conditions and providing health insurance for workers to make them happy and more productive.
By the end of the 1920s, there was one car for every ____ people in America.
____________________ provided a pretense of security and shared risk to investors, making them a popular form of investment throughout the 1920s.
By the 1920s, American _________________ had been growing alongside the labor movement.
The trial of _______________ highlighted for many observers the public's fears of foreigners and communists in the early 1920s.
Saco and Vanzetti
As blacks arrived up North during what became known as the _________________, they discovered that racial tensions were present there too, not just in the South.
Although _________________ became the law of the land in 1919 courtesy of the ________________ , most people did not embrace it, thus making it difficult to enforce.
The first talking motion picture was _____________ (1927).
__________________ invented the phonograph.
Associated with the flowering of jazz as a musical form, the ________________ consisted of a "younger generation" of intellectuals and artists known for their embrace of the "new Negro."
____________________ is best known for his encouragement of black businesses ventures and promoting a back-to-Africa movement.
___________________ was the notion that immigrants should leave behind the ways of the old world and blend into American culture.
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