19 terms

Amendments 1-19

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1st Amendment
protects the people's right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble, to address the government and of the press to publish
2nd Amendment
protects the right to own guns
3rd Amendment
guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board
4th Amendment
protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people without a valid warrant based on probable cause
5th Amendment
protects the people from being help for committing a crime unless they are properly indicted, that they may not be tried twice for the same crime, that you need not be forced to testify against yourself, and from property being taken without just compensation
6th Amendment
guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witness against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer
7th Amendment
guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases
8th Amendment
guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set
9th Amendment
a statement that other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated
10th Amendment
states that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people
11th Amendment
defines the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court concerning a suit brought against a state by a citizen of another state
12th Amendment
redefines how the President and Vice President are chosen by the Electoral College, making the two positions cooperative, rather than first and second highest vote-getters; also ensures that anyone who becomes vice president must be eligible to become President
13th Amendment
abolishes slavery in the entire United States
14th Amendment
ensures that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, nut on the state level, too; it removed the 3/5 compromise; ensures that the United States would not pay the debts of rebellious states
15th Amendment
ensures that race cannot be used as a criteria for voting
16th Amendment
authorizes the United States to collect income tax without regard to the population of the States.
17th Amendment
shifted the choosing of Senators from the state legislatures to the people of the states
18th Amendment
abolished the sale or manufacture of alcohol in the United States (later repealed)
19th Amendment
ensures that gender cannot be used as a criteria for voting