Anthropologist Horace Miner's description of the body ritual among the Nacirema is used to show
cultural differences in what is considered "beautiful."
The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior is known as
Which of the following is an aspect of culture?
using American Sign Language
watching the Super Bowl game
eating in fast-food restaurants
ALL OF THE ABOVE
A society is
a fairly large number of people who live in the same territory, are relatively independent of people outside it, and participate in a common culture.
The Schaefer text indicates which of the following individuals as being associated with the concept of the culture industry?
In his research, George Murdock determined which of the following to be a cultural
Which of the following is considered a cultural universal?
none of these
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others is called
A member of a new fundamentalist church believes that she has found the one true way to achieve salvation and members of other religions are pagans and will go directly to hell when they die. This individual is
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others. Therefore, ethnocentrism fosters cohesion in a group. This observation would best reflect which sociological perspective?
A U.S. sociologist receives a grant to study racial and religious prejudice among the people of Southeast Asia. The sociologist makes a serious and unbiased effort to evaluate the norms, values, and customs of these groups in light of the distinctive cultures of which they are a part. This is an example of
Which of the following concepts employs the kind of value neutrality in scientific study that Max Weber saw as being so important?
the process by which a cultural item is spread from group to group or society to society
Which of the following is an example of cultural diffusion?
the presence of McDonald's restaurants in Thailand, Saudi Arabia, and Japan
English-speaking people in the U.S. commonly use words whose origins are from various African, Asian, and non-English-speaking European cultures. This is an example of
Given that cultural diffusion could upset the stability of a society, which perspective is most likely to argue that most cultures resist new cultural components that do not fit comfortably into their social system
Which sociologist defined technology as "information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires
A basketball arena, an airliner, a slice of pizza, and a television set would all be considered examples of
Which of the following made the distinction between the elements of material and nonmaterial culture?
In the U.S., professional gamblers, Armenian Americans, teenagers, and nudists are all examples of
The use of the terms "g-man," "honey boat," and "airmail" by sanitation workers in New York is an example of
Which sociological perspective suggests that language and symbols offer a powerful way for a subculture to feel cohesive and maintain its identity?
An argot is a specialized language used by members of a subculture. Doctors and nurses, for example, have developed a language system that is not easily understood by patients, but enables medical professionals to communicate more easily, rapidly, and precisely with one another. Which sociological perspective is likely to emphasize the value of this specialized medical language?
Which sociological perspective argues that subcultures often emerge because the dominant society has unsuccessfully attempted to suppress a practice regarded as improper, such as the use of illegal drugs?
Armed militia groups, such as the one that was involved in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, are an example of a