Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Sociology, A brief introduction . ninth edition

Anthropologist Horace Miner's description of the body ritual among the Nacirema is used to show

cultural differences in what is considered "beautiful."

The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior is known as


Which of the following is an aspect of culture?

using American Sign Language
watching the Super Bowl game
eating in fast-food restaurants

A society is

a fairly large number of people who live in the same territory, are relatively independent of people outside it, and participate in a common culture.

A society

is the largest form of human group.

Which of the following is an example of a society?

an Amish community in Pennsylvania

The Schaefer text indicates which of the following individuals as being associated with the concept of the culture industry?

Theodor Adorno

General customs and practices that are found in every culture are called

cultural universals

In his research, George Murdock determined which of the following to be a cultural

funeral ceremonies

Which of the following is considered a cultural universal?

athletic sports
money restrictions
none of these

A list of cultural universals was compiled by anthropologist

George Murdock.

The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others is called


The concept of ethnocentrism was originally formulated by

William Graham Sumner

A member of a new fundamentalist church believes that she has found the one true way to achieve salvation and members of other religions are pagans and will go directly to hell when they die. This individual is


Ethnocentrism is the tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others. Therefore, ethnocentrism fosters cohesion in a group. This observation would best reflect which sociological perspective?

functionalist perspective

A U.S. sociologist receives a grant to study racial and religious prejudice among the people of Southeast Asia. The sociologist makes a serious and unbiased effort to evaluate the norms, values, and customs of these groups in light of the distinctive cultures of which they are a part. This is an example of

cultural relativism

Which of the following concepts employs the kind of value neutrality in scientific study that Max Weber saw as being so important?

cultural relativism

Sociobiology is the systematic study of the

how biology affects human social behavior

Which of the following would be of interest to a sociobiologist?

all of these

Discovery is

the process of making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality.

Invention is

the process of introducing new elements into a culture

Communism, the Episcopalian religion, and the microwave oven are examples of


Diffusion is

the process by which a cultural item is spread from group to group or society to society

Which of the following is an example of cultural diffusion?

the presence of McDonald's restaurants in Thailand, Saudi Arabia, and Japan

English-speaking people in the U.S. commonly use words whose origins are from various African, Asian, and non-English-speaking European cultures. This is an example of


Given that cultural diffusion could upset the stability of a society, which perspective is most likely to argue that most cultures resist new cultural components that do not fit comfortably into their social system


Which sociologist coined the phrase "The McDonaldization of society


George Ritzer's concept "The McDonaldization of society" refers to


Which of the following statements about globalization is correct


Which sociologist defined technology as "information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires


The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives are called


Nonmaterial culture


A basketball arena, an airliner, a slice of pizza, and a television set would all be considered examples of


Which of the following made the distinction between the elements of material and nonmaterial culture?


Which sociologist introduced the concept of culture lag to the discipline?


Culture lag is


Culture lag occurs because people in most societies are


A subculture is


In the U.S., professional gamblers, Armenian Americans, teenagers, and nudists are all examples of


The use of the terms "g-man," "honey boat," and "airmail" by sanitation workers in New York is an example of


Which sociological perspective suggests that language and symbols offer a powerful way for a subculture to feel cohesive and maintain its identity?


An argot is a specialized language used by members of a subculture. Doctors and nurses, for example, have developed a language system that is not easily understood by patients, but enables medical professionals to communicate more easily, rapidly, and precisely with one another. Which sociological perspective is likely to emphasize the value of this specialized medical language?


Which sociological perspective argues that subcultures often emerge because the dominant society has unsuccessfully attempted to suppress a practice regarded as improper, such as the use of illegal drugs?


Armed militia groups, such as the one that was involved in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, are an example of a


Culture shock is


People who have visited China might have experienced culture shock if they ordered meat for dinner and discovered it was


Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording