5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- False Dichotomy
- Begging The Question
- Appeal to Ignorance
- a leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
- b an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
- c Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
- d general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
- e an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
5 Multiple choice questions
- A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
- Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
- Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
- an informally fallacy that occurs when the premise of an argument entails one particular conclusion but a completely different conclusion is actually drawn
- A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
5 True/False questions
tu quoque → Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
Appeal to the People → Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it
Argument Against the Person → arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
Equivocation → When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
Appeal to Unqualified Authority → Attempts to convince you of something by claiming that you'll be accepted or valued if you believe it