5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Missing The Point
- Appeal to Ignorance
- False Cause
- a Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
- b When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument, in order to create a fallacious conclusion
- c general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
- d an informally fallacy that occurs when the premise of an argument entails one particular conclusion but a completely different conclusion is actually drawn
- e Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
5 Multiple choice questions
- A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
- ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
- arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
- leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
- "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
5 True/False questions
Argument Against the Person → arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
Hasty Generalization → A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
Straw Man → Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
Composition → when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
Complex Question → when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole