5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Argument Against the Person
- Begging The Question
- tu quoque
- False Dichotomy
- Appeal to Ignorance
- a ("you too"). This is the fallacy of defending an error in one's reasoning by pointing out that one's opponent has made the same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it. For example, "They accuse us of making unjustified assertions. But they asserted a lot of things, too!"
- b leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
- c Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
- d arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
- e an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
5 Multiple choice questions
- a fallacy that occurs when the arguer ignores relevant evidence that outweighs the presented evidence and entails a very different conclusion
- when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
- Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
- Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
- A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
5 True/False questions
Amphiboly → an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
Slippery Slope → arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.
Accident → general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
Appeal to the People → "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
Red Herring → A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion