5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Slippery Slope
- Appeal to Force
- False Cause
- Argument Against the Person
- Straw Man
- a arguer criticizes the person rather than the argument
- b Wrongly assumes a cause-and-effect relationship ('A' causes 'B' without proof that a relationship actually exists).
- c "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
- d A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
- e A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.
5 Multiple choice questions
- an informal fallacy that is committed when an arguer presents two non-jointly exhaustive alternatives as if they were jointly exhaustive and then eliminates one, leaving the other as the conclusion
- an informal fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument depends on the misinterpretation of a statement that is ambiguous owing to some structural defect
- general rule is applied to a specific case it was not intended to cover
- leaving out a key premise, restating premise, ignoring the question. Includes circular reasoning
- Erroneous transference of an attribute from a class onto its parts
5 True/False questions
Complex Question → when the conclusion of an argument depends on the erroneous transference of an attribute from the parts of something to a whole
Hasty Generalization → Draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample (jumping to conclusions).
Appeal to Pity → "to the stick" implied harm if person does not accept the conclusion, threat is logically irrelevant
Appeal to Ignorance → Assumption that whatever cannot be proven false must be true (or vice versa). "No one can prove that the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, so therefore, it does exist."
Appeal to Unqualified Authority → arguer attempts to support conclusion by merely evoking pity.