Upgrade to remove ads
Holt Science and Technology Life Science Chapter 5 HEREDITY set 3
Vocabulary terms in chapter 5 pages 110-135.
Terms in this set (28)
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
the traits observed in the first generations when parents that have different traits are bred. Seen in the first generation. always appeared in Mendel's first experiment
a trait that reappears in the second generation after disappearing in the first generation when parents with different traits are bred. seen in the second generation.
located on chromosomes and carry hereditary instructions
two genes that govern the same characteristic. such as hair color
Phenotype - X
an organisms appearance or other detectable characteristics
Chromosomes with matching information. Has the same sequence of genes and the same structure
cell division that produces sex cell. A copying process during cell division that produces cells with half the usual number of chromosomes
Genotype - X
genetic makeup of an organism.
an organisms inherited combination of alleles
Probability - X
mathematical chance something will happen
carry genes that determine the sex of offspring
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in several generations of a family.
The Father of Heredity-he discovered the principles of heredity while studying pea plants
when a single cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells - part of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
discovered the basic principles of genetics. First and second generation mean Parents and Offspring
What is incomplete dominance
one trait is not completely dominate over the other. Traits do not blend together.
both male and female reproductive structures are found in this
punnett squares - X
a chart that shows all the possible combination's of alleles that can result from a genetic cross
cross pollination - X
two ways a plant can cross pollinate - wind and insects.
Homozygous - X
a plant with either 2 dominant or 2 recessive genes (BB or bb)
heterozygous - X
a plant with one dominant or one recessive gene (Bb)
plant always produces offspring with the same trait as the parent
results in offspring with genotypes that are exactly copies of their parent's genotype
a feature that has different forms in a population
parent cells (the ones that make offspring)
the different forms of a characteristic
results in offspring that share traits with their parents but aren't exactly like either parent
when organisms with the desirable characteristics are mated
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Holt Science and Technology Life Science…
Holt Science and Technology Life Science Chapter 5…
Chapter 6 Holt Science and Technology Life Science
Holt Science & Technology, Life Science Chapter 7
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Science Vocab quiz (genetics/heredity)
Mendel and His Peas
Chapter 3; Genetics: The Science of Heredity
unit 7 genetics
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
La salud vocab
Holt Science & Technology, Georgia, Life Science C…
Punett square test