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Terms in this set (34)
wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death in 1948; promoted a "Land Ethic" in which humans are ethically responsible for serving as the protectors of nature.
expert on sea turtles, migratory patterns and re-establishment of known nesting sites
Created the Four Laws of Ecology. Wrote "The Closing Circle."
Promised national and global environmental
leadership. Placed environmental leaders in key positions. Vetoed many anti-enviro bills. Implemented regulations requiring SUVs to meet car emission standards. Made forest health primary focus of managing nat.forests. Declared road-less areas of nat. parks off limits to road building and logging. Used Antiquities Act to protect land by declaring them national monuments. Protected more land than Roosevelt or Carter. Faulted for not being strong enough on global enviro issues.
Fought to stop the burning and logging of the Amazon Rainforest to clear land for cattle ranching.
modern day John-Muir; Executive director of the Sierra Club 1952-1962; changed it from being hiking club to advocacy group for saving and preserving land across U.S., founded Friends of the Earth and the Earth Island Institute; Helped the passage of the Wilderness Act in 1964
Dr. Norman Myers
ecologist of oxford university, coined the term biodiversity hotspots
british economist and author Small is Beautiful, a fundamental critique on new science and technology
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Enacted Govt. programs to provide jobs and restore degraded environment. Fed purchased large tracts of farm land. Fed established CCC.
published "The Tragedy of the Commons" in the journal Science in 1968; argued that rational people will exploit shared resources (commons).
senator that proposed earth day
George Perkins Marsh
Inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, his classic work, Man and Nature, or Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action, provided the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions.
George Washington Carver
A black chemist and director of agriculture at the Tuskegee Institute, where he invented many new uses for peanuts. He believed that education was the key to improving the social status of blacks.
head of the U.S. Forest Servic under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them
Henry David Thoreau
Lived in seclusion for two years writing Walden and On Civil Disobedience, proved that man could provide for himself without materialistic wants
Englishman who proposed the Gaia hypothesis (the Earth functions as a kind of superorganism)
English zoologist noted for her studies of chimpanzees in the wild
Created the Dept. of Energy to reduce
dependence on foreign oil. 1980 - helped to create Superfund under CERCLA. Used the Antiquities Act of 1906 to protect
more public land than any other president
John Jay Audubon
Studied birds - painted and cataloged them, 'Bonding Experiment' to study bird migration, Audubon society
First Modern Preservationist, saw intrinsic value of nature, helped save Yosemite and founded the Sierra Club
Julia Butterfly Hill
Lived in tree to prevent cutting down by loggers, The Legacy of Luna
Winner of the Right Livelihood Award and the Goldman Environmental Prize, He was a member of a Nigerian Village exploited for its oil reserves. The extraction created severe environmental problems for her village. Led to a non violent protest against the multinational petroleum Industry.
Environmental activist who started the Love Canal Homeowners Association after she realized her neighborhood was located on top of a toxic waste dump
M. King Hubbert
The geologist who mathematically predicted when oil production in the United States would decline
an ecologist who warned that the greatest threat to the planet is overpopulation and that resources on earth would quickly become depleted as population grew, syphilis and immunology
one of the first people to realize the global dangers of pesticide abuse (DDT). Wrote Silent Spring.
Neutral, started EPA
Appointed anti-enviro people to key fed
positions. Increased private energy, mining & timber
on public land. Cut funding for research on energy conserv.. renewable energy. Eliminated tax incentives for res. solar energy energy conservation. Lowered auto mileage standards. Relaxed fed air and water quality pollution
Best known for the work is the discovery that chlorofluocarbons contribute to ozone depletion. Researches in Chemistry.
Discovered the Antarctic ozone hole. Showed the harmful effects of CFCs.
Added 35 more reserves by 1904. Tripled the size of the national forest reserves. Roosevelt reserved 16 million more acres before ban went into effect. Roosevelt regarded as US's
most environmental president.
English economist: Said that population tends to increase more rapidly than food supplies
author who wrote a book about the horrors of food productions in 1906 - wrote The Jungle
biologist who founded green belt movement;encouraged restoring forest in Kenya and other African nations
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