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Arts and Humanities
cold war and 1950's exam study guide
Terms in this set (35)
meeting of British prime minister Winston Churchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt early in February 1945 as World War II was winding down
Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Harry Truman—met in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.
These were nations that were aligned with, but also under the influence and pressure of, the Soviet Union. The satellite nations of the Cold War were Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and East Germany.
The name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
George Kennan/ Long Telegram
American diplomat and historian best known for his successful advocacy of a "containment policy" to oppose Soviet expansionism following World War II.
the action or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence
the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection.
(officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion
The United States begins a massive airlift of food, water, and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city. For nearly a year, supplies from American planes sustained the over 2 million people in West Berlin.
Military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states—especially the United States and Europe—and to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
fought in the early 1950s between the United Nations, supported by the United States, and the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). The war began in 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea.
North formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.
a war in which the weapons used, the nations or territory involved, or the objectives pursued are restricted in some way, in particular one in which the use of nuclear weapons is avoided.
Convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet
McCarren Internal Security Act
An Act to protect the United States against certain un-American and subversive activities by requiring registration of Communist organizations, and for other purposes.
First artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957
the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, typically in politics.
an American politician who was a U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin
practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence
promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism
Created to help veterans of World War II. It established hospitals, made low-interest mortgages available and granted stipends covering tuition and expenses for veterans attending college or trade schools.
a place of work where membership in a union is a condition for being hired and for continued employment.
Right to work laws
prohibit union security agreements, or agreements between employers and labor unions, that govern the extent to which an established union can require employees' membership, payment of union dues, or fees as a condition of employment, either before or after
a place of work where employers may hire nonunion workers who must join a labor union within an agreed time.
deliberately limit production or retain excess staff in (a business) in order to create jobs or prevent unemployment, typically as a result of a union contract.
Federal Highway Act
An act to amend and supplement the Federal Aid Road Act approved July 11, 1916, to authorize appropriations for continuing the construction of highways; to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to provide additional revenue from taxes on motor fuel, tires, and trucks and buses; and for other purposes.
John Kenneth Galbraith (liberalism)
a Canadian economist, public official, and diplomat, and a leading proponent of 20th-century American liberalism
a temporary marked increase in the birth rate, especially the one following World War II.
The belief that indigenous people should abandon their traditional lives and become "civilized" had been the basis of policy for centuries. But what was new was the sense of urgency, that with or without consent, tribes must be terminated and begin to live "as Americans".
an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed one of the first successful polio vaccines
This epidemic in the United States, in 1916, left 27,000 people paralyzed and 9,000 dead. Over the next 40 years, polio epidemics struck every summer across the country. The worst year was 1952, when almost 60,000 new cases were reported.
One of the large suburban developments created in the United States of America by William Levitt and his company Levitt & Sons.
A literary movement started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-World War II era.
an American poet, writer, and editor who won three Pulitzer Prizes: two for his poetry and one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln.
An ambitious set of proposals put forward by U.S. President Harry S. Truman to Congress
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