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blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension
a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
a normocytic-normochromic type of anemia characterized by the failure of bone marrow to produce red blood cells
the most common form of CVD; a disease characterized by plaques along the inner walls of the arteries.
occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall
automated external defibrillator
electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
Drug used to treat angina, hypertension, and arrhythmias. It blocks the action of epinephrine (adrenaline) at receptor sites on cells, slowing the heartbeat and reducing the workload on the heart.
procedure where a catheter is inserted into an artery and guided into the heart; may be used for diagnosis of blockages or treatment
a general term for disease of the heart muscle, such as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (damage to the heart muscle caused by excessive consumption of alcohol)
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels (cardi/o means heart, vascul means blood vessels, and -ar means pertaining to)
incision and coring of the lining of the carotid artery to clear a blockage caused by the buildup of atherosclerotic plaque or a clot; an open procedure used to treat patients who are at risk for stroke
chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)
a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves
the closing off of a vessel that feeds the heart muscle by a stationary clot, or thrombus
application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm
a record of the electrical activity of the heart that, if abnormal, may indicate heart disease
a condition o fan inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen
ischemic heart disease
a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
white blood cells, or WBC, form in the bone marrow and are part of the body's nonspecific defenses and the immune system
blood disorder characterized by anemia in which red blood cells are larger than normal., a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal
a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow
destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
decrease in blood pressure related to positional or postural changes from lying to sitting or standing positions
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
an episode that begins and ends abruptly, during which there are very rapid and regular heartbeats that originate in the atrium
a macrocytic-normochromic type of anemia characterized by an inadequate supply of vitamin B12, causing red blood cells to become large, varied in shape, and reduced in number
a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.
a systemic disease caused by the infection of microorganisms and their toxins in the circulating blood
sickle cell anemia
A genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape
thallium stress test (TST)
performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise
a bleeding disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, which impairs the clotting process
a kind of pharmaceutical that can break up clots blocking the flow of blood to the heart muscle
a serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match
inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)
fibrillation of heart muscles resulting in interference with rhythmic contractions of the ventricles and possibly leading to cardiac arrest
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