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63 terms

Chapter 1 Medical Terms

Vocabulary, Word parts, singular/plural endings and rules for Medical Terminology
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CELL
Basic unit of all living things.
CYTOPLASM
Gel like fluid inside the cell
NUCLEUS
Largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located. It contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell.
TISSUE
Group of similar cells that performs a specific function.
ORGAN
Two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions.
SYSTEM
Group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions.
Cyan/o
Blue
Erythr/o
Red
Leuk/o
White
Melan/o
Black
Neo/plasm
"new growth"
rhin/o
nose
cyt/o/logy
Study of cells
Hist/o/logy
Study of tissues
Dys/plasia
Abnormal development
Hyper/plasia
excessive development (number of cells)
Leukocytosis
Increase in the number of white blood cells
Diagnosis
State of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
Prognosis
State of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
Etiology
Study of causes (of diseases)
Iatrogenic
Produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
Oncology
Study of tumors (branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
Oncologist
Physician who studies and treats tumors.
Pathology
Study of disease (branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
Pathologist
Physician who studies diseases
-pathy
"disease"
Radiation therapy
Treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation
Radiation therapist
One who administers radiation therapy
Radiology
Science of dealing with x-rays and other radiologic technology for the purpose of internal examination.
Radiologist
One who administers radiologic exams.
Geriatrics
Branch of medicine pertaining to the elderly
physicians' offices
provide diagnosttic and treatment services in a private office setting
HMO
health maintenance organization -provides wide range of services by a grouop of primary-care physicians, specialists, and other healthcare professionals in a prepaid system
dermat/o
skin
enter/o
small intestine
home health care
provides nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in patient's own home
rehabilitation centers
provide intensive physical and occupational therapy; includes impatient and outpatient treatment
hospices
provide supportive treatment to terminally ill patients and their families
word root
is the foundation of the word
prefix
is at the begining of a word
combining vowel
vowel (usually o) that links the word root to another word root or a suffix
aden\o
gland
(combining form)
carcin/o
cancer
(combining form)
cardi/o
heart
(combining form)
chem/o
chemical
cis/o
to cut
pulmon/o
lung
path/o
disease
ot/o
ear
ophthalm/o
eye
neur/o
nerve
nephr/o
kidney
laryng/o
voice box
immun/o
immunity
hydr/o
water
hemat/o
blood
gynec/o
female
gastr/o
stomach
enter/o
small intestines
Acute or general hospitals
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specialty care hospitals
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nursing homes or long-term care facilitits
...
ambulatory care centers, surgical centers, or outpatient clinics
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