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Chapter 5- Pharmacology
Terms in this set (46)
How should alcohol suspensions be stored?
Tightly capped and kept in a dark place
What should fluid extracts be measured with?
A dropper or medicine glass
When should suspensions be shaken?
Before every use
How should liniments me administered?
Rubbed topically/on the skin
Examples of solids and semi-solid medications
solids- pills and vitamins
semi-solid- suppositories and vaseline
How should lotions be administered?
Patted or blotted onto the skin
NEVER rubbed like body lotion
How must an ointment be labeled if it is to be instilled into the eyes?
Sterile- For Ophthalmic use
What precaution must be taken when using delayed release tablets?
Never to crush, open, or empty the capsule into food or liquid.
What is another name for delayed release capsules?
Timed release or sustained release
Where do enteric coated capsules dissolve?
In the intestines
Where do troches and lozenges dissolve?
In the mouth
Where are sublingual medications given?
Under the tongue
Name three places suppositories can be administered
Rectally, vaginally, and in the urethra
Who can administer parenteral medications?
Physicians, registered nurses, and specially trained paramedics
What should medication orders include?
Patient's full name, date, name of the drug, dosage, route of administration, time and frequency, physician's signature, number of refills and quantity, physician's DEA number
Types of drug orders
Routine- Given until a termination order is written or a specific termination date is reached
Standing- Usually used in inpatient facilities in the event the physician is unavailable. States what should be administered in the event of certain
PRN (as needed)- Patient may have it when needed- patient decides
Verbal- Always repeat order back and make sure it is written down ASAP (within 24 hours)
Telephone, fax, computerized-
The Seven Rights: Rules for giving medications
**Right drug- only give drugs that you have prepared yourself. Read the label at least 3 times
**Right dose- make sure you stay with a patient until they have taken the medication
**Right patient- always identify the patient
**Right route- always document how the medications were given (oral, rectal, etc.)
** Right time
**Right documentation- document ASAP, don't wait!!!!
1. Storage information- How a medication should be stored
2. Total number in the container- Amount
3. Route of administration- Oral, rectal, etc.
4. National drug code- every medication has one
5. Trade name- brand name
6. Generic name- official name
7. United States Pharmacopeia
8. Manufacturer- company that produces the drug
9. Dosage strength- usually in milligrams
10. Warning label
11. Form of drug- (tablets, spray, etc.)
Forms of drug preparations
Forms of liquid or semi-liquid
Types of solutions
Tincture (tinct., tr.)
Fluidextract (fld. ext.)
Highly concentrated- use smaller dose
Generally mixed with alcohol so they need to be kept tightly capped to avoid evaporation
Measure carefully with a medicine dropper
Fluid (fl.) *
Used for IV solutions
Types of suspensions
these 3 should be shaken before use
Liniments- Rubbed into skin
Lotions- patted onto skin
Types of Solids and Semi-solids
Capsule (cap., caps.) (solid) Always use a pill cutter to divide a scored tablet in order to ensure uniformity
Enteric coated capsule- dissolve in the intestines and must never be split
Tablet (tab.) (solid)- Delayed or sustained release tablets must NEVER be crushed, opened, or emptied into food or liquid,
Troches or lozenges- dissolve in the mouth
Suppository (supp.) Inserted vaginally, rectally or into the urethra
Ointment (oint.) Instill in eyes only if labeled "Sterile- Ophthalmic Use"
every 2 hours
twice a day
buccal- inside the cheek
by means of
four times a day
nothing by mouth
Injecting a drug into the body with a needle or syringe
Controlled substances can not be dispensed without what?
What is another name for self-terminating orders?
Automatic stop orders
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