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MoCA Study Guide
Terms in this set (36)
the basic idea that the author wants to convey
the lesson the author wants to teach the readers
determine what an author is suggesting using clues in text
-Setting (where story takes place)
the agreed-upon rule for how human language is used under certain conditions or within particular styles
the smallest unit of language that contains meaning
each small unit of sound in language
an understanding of how phonemes form a language by creating differences in the meaning of words
the study of the relationship between the spoken sounds in words and printed letters that correspond to those sounds
an understanding of how sounds, syllables, words, and word parts can be orally manipulated to break apart words, make new words, and create rhymes
third person limited omniscient
1 characters point of view with thoughts and feelings
third person objective
no thoughts or feelings
third person omniscient
all known narrators with thoughts and feeling
Stages of language acquistion
Preproduction; early production; speech emergence; intermediate fluency; advanced fluency
Levels of language proficiency
Entering; Beginning; Developing; Expanding; Bridging
a sentence made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
a sentence made up of two independent clause
a sentence that has two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
A teach says hat and instructs students to produce the sounds they hear in the word. Which strategy is the teacher using to build phoneme awareness?
A. Phoneme blending
B. Phoneme deletion
C. Phoneme segmentation
D. Phoneme substitution
C. Phoneme segmentation: The strategy of phoneme segmentation requires students to separate the phonemes in a word.
Which of the following is an example of prosody?
A. using appropriate vocal cues when reading aloud
B. decoding words correctly when reading aloud
C. reading at an appropriate speed when reading aloud
D. reading smoothly and steadily when reading aloud
A. Prosody is a reader's ability to use appropriate vocal expression when reading aloud.
Which of the following is true of quantitative measures of text complexity?
A. They are task considerations determined by professional judgement
B. They are analytical measurements determined by knowledge demands
C. They are statistical measurements determined by computer algorithms
D. They are leveling measurements determined by text structure
C. Quantitative measures are objective and based on statistics
Which of the following can be classified as persuasive writing?
A. an advertisement for a new product
B. a research paper on the effects of climate on ecosystems
C. a poem about the ocean on a foggy day
D. a short story with a suspenseful plot
A. Persuasive writing aims to influence the reader to agree with what is stated and to act accordingly
Which of the following is considered a reliable source for research about California?
A. a personal blog about living in California
B. a research paper published by the State of California
C. an advertisement for California real estate
D. a letter to the editor about California roadways
B. a published study by a government institution is a reliable research source
Andrew will study in the school library, while his brother auditions for the school play.
What error has been made in the sentence above?
A. The sentence is a run-on sentence
B. No comma is necessary
C. The dependent clause always comes first.
D. The adverb phrases belong before the verbs
B. When a dependent clause follows an independent clause in a complex sentence, a comma is not used before the subordinating conjunction.
Which of the following quotes is a demonstration of active listening?
A. "If I understand correctly, you think the classroom needs a pet."
B. " I think you meant to say that you wish you had a pet at home."
C. "You didn't talk about the kind of pet our classroom should have."
D. "There's no way the principal will let us have a classroom pet."
A. This quote demonstrates active listening because the listener is paraphrasing the message to clarify understanding.
Students have been placed in small groups to prepare readers theater presentations that will perform for each other. How might each group best best meet the needs of its audience?
A. by reciting their lines and quiet voices during the performance
B. by passing around a script to read during the performance
C. by using classroom materials as props during the performance
D. by skipping some parts of the story during the performance
C. Props add interesting visuals to a performance and reinforce comprehension
Mr. Falls is reading aloud from a predictable picture book. he has written a refrain from the story on a sentence strip that is displayed on a pocket chart. Each time the refrain occurs in the story, Mr. Fall signals his students to read aloud with him as he points to each word. Which of the following is Mr. Falls demonstrating?
C. concept of print
D. word analysis
C. By having students listen to predictable text and chant the refrain with him as he points to the individual words, Mr. Fall is reinforcing concept of print, clarifying the words and letters convey meaning, words are constructed of letters, and text is read from left to right.
Which of the following concepts involves understanding how the forms and structures of words contribute to their meanings?
D. Morphology investigates how the forms and structures of words contribute to their meaning
Before students begin a new literature book, Ms. Bean introduces them to a list of vocabulary words from the book and has them work in groups to develop skits that demonstrate the meaning of each word. Which of the following is Ms. Bean demonstrating?
A. thinking aloud
C. identification of signal words
D. informed judgement
B. Ms. Bean is scaffolding instruction by pre-teaching difficult vocabulary so that meanings are easily accessed during reading. In this way, the teacher can focus student attention on another reading comprehension strategy during reading.
A teacher notices that a group of students who have finished reading the same novel are having difficultly identifying how the story transitions from one stage to another. Which of the following is the best graphic organizer to help the students understand the story's development?
A. a plot pyramid
B. a Venn diagram
C. a main idea/key details chart
D. a sequencing chart
A. A plot pyramid helps students identify and visualize how an author moves a story forward in clear stages with specific characteristics: expositions, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
Ms. Jules has read and discussed several alliterative poems with her students. As a follow-up assignment, each student will write and illustrate an alliterative sentence for a class book. Which prewriting activity will best help student prepare for the assignment?
A. drawing a concept map
B. making a list of words
C. developing a story map
D. planning an outline
B. A list of words that begin with the same letter can be used as a reference when writing an alliterative sentence.
A teacher has just provided students a general overview of a research project due at the end of the semester. Which of the following is most appropriate as a first task?
A. to select a topic and locate some general information on the topic.
B. to develop an outline listing the main idea and supporting details.
C. to choose reliable primary and secondary resources
D. to formulate an appropriate research question on a topic
A. The first step in any research project is to select a topic of interest and acquire background knowledge about it. Once general information on a topic is understood, a relevant question can be formulated.
Which strategy would help Mr. Green develop his students' reading vocabularies?
A. having student peer edit each other's short stories
B. conducting a mini-lesson on using a dictionary
C. providing weekly opportunities for word investigations
D. brainstorming a list of words in a particular category
C. Consistently providing opportunities for students to investigate words in-depth increases the probability that they will retain comprehension of the words over time.
While reading the first drafts from a writing assignment, Mrs. Hamm notices that her students have a poor grasp of the proper use of commas. Which strategy would best serve Mrs. Hamm's goal of improving her students' understanding of comma usage?
A. peer editing
B. a mini-lesson
C. a word investigation
B. A mini-lesson on using commas correctly would best serve the needs of the group and fill in the gaps of missing information.
Mr. Couch has his students take turns doing show-and-tell presentations every Friday afternoon. Which of the following is a primary benefit of show-and-tell opportunities for students?
A. Students make decisions about what to share
B. Students rest at the end of a busy week
C. Students practice speaking in front of an audience
D. Students are rewarded for doing their homework
C. Opportunities for show-and-tell provide students with practice speaking in front of an audience. The audience members also receive practice exercising their active listening skills
Which strategy is most typically used to grab the audience attention at the beginning of an oral presentation?
A. eye contact
B. a statement of topic
C. a loud voice
D. an engaging hook
D. An engaging hook prior to the introduction of an oral presentation is typically used to grab the audience's attention.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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