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Irish History Midterm
Terms in this set (35)
Irish abbot who spread Christianity in Scotland
Very strict Irish catholic who established many monasteries across Europe. Very strict.
Henry II 1154 - 1189
One of the most influential kings in Europe. Empire spanned from England to southern France, vassal of the king of France, but more powerful than the king.
Norman conqueror who took Dublin and established a short-lived dynasty in Leinster
Giraldus Cambrensis - Gerald of Wales
Wrote Expugnatio Hibernica, a detailed pro-norman account of the Norman arrival in Ireland.
Statutes of Kilkenny in 1366
Outlawed Gaelic cultural conversion to try to deal with the Gaelic Resurgence.
Gaels reclaimed a lot of land from the English by gaelic cultural pressure. English retreat back to the pale (50 miles around Dublin).
Henry VII 1485-1509
Tudor, ascends after the war of the roses
Poyning's Law (1494)
Prevented Irish pretenders to the crown by making Irish parliament seek approval from the king
Fitzgeralds and Butlers
Irish families who basically ruled Ireland
Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Anti-Irish king who established English supremacy in Ireland. Tried to be more diplomatic. Reformed the church into the Church of England after breaking with Rome
Flight of the Earls (1604)
Irish lords (o'donnell and oneill's) who fled Ireland following a failed revolt, leaving the land open to the crown
Pre-Church of England catholic loyalists
Protestant followers of the Church of England. Split into Anglicans.
Surrender and regrant
If gaelic rulers gave up gaelic names and titles, they would be granted their land with English ones
Munster plantation (1584)
Land cleared and English settled in southern Ireland
Ulster Plantation (1607)
Transplant of English and Scottish to Derry, forming London-Derry. More aggressive land confiscations and alienation of Irish. Ultimately did not work, too many Irish
Strafford in Ireland (1633-1640)
Charles sends Strafford to make Ireland self-supporting. Builds a strong administration successfully. However, alienates and disrupts different religious groups, ending in his execution.
First king, part of the Stuart dynasty, who really rescinded power to parliament. Parliament even passes laws restricting King's power. Actions caused instability and civil war.
Rebellion of 1641
Large catholic uprising because of instability of the time.
Head of parliament. Ends up beating the king's forces as well as the Irish catholic rebels. Dies in 1658
Charles I's son. Called to the throne following Cromwell's death.
Period of unusual growth. Persecution of catholics. Dublin rises in prominency.
Reign of James II
Catholic king, brother of Charles II. Promotes catholics to high positions of power and subsidizes catholic efforts, unprecedented.
Glorious Revolution (1688)
William of Orange overthrows James II, James flees to France. Triggered huge resurgence in catholic prostration. Henry later returns to take Ireland for the king of France, but fails.
Penal Laws (1695-1727)
Religious persecution of catholics by the minority protestants in many ways
Swift, Beaumont and Young
Influential satirists during the penal law period
Disenfranchised catholic lower class who resorted to violent means to protect their land from English landgrabbing
Supporters of Charles' son and grandson
Catholic Irish parliament member who spoke and rallied against persecution of Irish. Eventually spoke against the french revolution, upsetting the whigs.
George I (1714-1727)
George II (1727-1760)
George III (1760-1820)
Reformers who supported a lot of the ideals of the revolution. Especially wanted Irish governmental independence. Were forced underground by the british government.
Leading member of the United Irishmen. Very pro-catholic. Wrote "An argument on behalf of the Catholics of Ireland". Later led a rebellion in Ireland with the eventual goal to get to England, but failed and killed himself when trapped by the navy.
Order of Orange
Pro-protestant movement similar to the United Irishmen but protestant.
Challenged Burke, supported the french revolution
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