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Chapter 11 People/Terms Quiz 1

STUDY
PLAY
Age of Viability
the age at which the baby can first survive in the event of a premature birth
Animism
the attribution of lifelike qualities to inanimate objects
Attachment
a close, emotional bond of affection between an infant and its caregiver
Centration
the tendency to focus in just one feature of a problem and neglect other important features
Cephalocaudal Trend
the head to foot direction of motor development
Cognitive Development
development of thinking, reasoning, remembering, and problem solving
Cohort Effects
in a cross-sectional study, differences between age groups due to the groups growing up in different time periods
Conservation
the awareness that physical qualities remain constant in spite of changes in their shape or appearance
Cross-sectional Design
investigators compare groups of subjects of differing ages at a single point in time
Crystallized Intelligence
the type of intelligence that involves the ability to apply already acquired knowledge in problem solving
Dementia
an abnormal condition marked by multiple cognitive deficits; more prevalent in older adults but not a product of normal aging
Development
the sequence of age-related changes that occurs as a person progresses from conception to death.
Developmental Norms
the average ages at which people display certain behaviors and abilities
Egocentrism
thinking characterized by a limited ability to share another person's viewpoint
Embryonic Stage
the second stage of prenatal development, lasting from two months after conception through birth
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
a collection of congenital problems associated with a mother's excessive use of alcohol during pregnancy
Fetal Stage
the third stage of prenatal development, lasting from two months after conception through birth
Fluid Intelligence
the category of intelligence that involves basic memory capacity and speed of processing information
Gender
culturally constructed distinctions between femininity and masculinity
Gender Differences
behavioral differences between males and females
Gender Roles
expectations concerning what is the appropriate behavior for each sex
Gender Stereotypes
widely held beliefs about females and males abilities, personality traits, and social behavior
Germinal Stage
the first two weeks after conception
Irreversibility
the inablility to cognitively visualize reversing an action
Longitudinal Design
one group of subjects is observed over a long period of time