Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Private Pilot Pre-Solo Oral Exam
Information based on material provided by Lightning Aviation, Foley, AL. Airplane-specific information is for the Piper Cherokee Cruiser PA-28-140.
Terms in this set (86)
Best glide speed.
Power-off stall speed (gear and flaps retracted).
Maximum structural cruising speed.
Design maneuvering speed (2150 lbs).
Design maneuvering speed (1950 lbs).
Maximum flaps extended speed.
Indicated airspeed at threshold; (1.3 times Vs0); "approach speed".
Best rate-of-climb speed.
Best angle-of-climb speed.
Speed at which nose-wheel leaves the ground; "rotation speed".
Stalling speed of the a/c configured for landing (gear and flaps extended).
Servicing (Fuel grade)
100LL (blue color)
Aeroshell SAE-50: Aviation 100w Ashless Dispersant. Mineral oil only used for engine break-in and cannot be mixed.
Servicing (Brake fluid)
MIL-H-5606 hydraulic fluid (red) serviced in the left-side cowling.
Servicing (Landing gear struts)
4.5" extension for the main gear, 3.5" for nose. Air/Oil "Oleo" strust filled with nitrogen for extension and MIL-H-5606 for shock absorption.
24 psi inflated with nitrogen
Standard: 36 gal (18 each wing, to the tab)
Reserve: 50 gal (25 gal each wing)
Fuel burn rate
9 gal/hr (at max gross weight)
8 quarts (L/A min: 8 quarts, POH: 2 quarts)
Carbureted, normally aspirated, air-cooled, horizontally-opposed four-cylinder Lycoming 0-320-E2A.
160 horsepower at 2700 rpm.
What supplies cabin/carburetor heat?
Engine vacuum powered instrument(s)
DC-electric powered instrument(s)
Turn coordinator (in some a/c)
Pitot-Static system instrument(s)
Vertical speed indicator
If pitot tube is clogged, what instrument(s) become(s) inoperable?
If static port is clogged, what instrument(s) become(s) inoperable?
Vertical speed indicator
What is magnetic compass variation?
The angular difference between true and magnetic poles.
What is magnetic compass deviation?
The compass error caused by magnetic fields in the a/c.
Compass error: acceleration error
Accelerate in N hemisphere on E-W heading, shows turn to N; decelerate, shows turn to S
Compass error: turning error
On N heading: turn right, initially show left turn and; turn left, initially show right turn.
On S heading: turn right, leading turn to right; turn left, leading turn to left.
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
"Aviation Routing Weather Report"
Issued hourly (@ 50-55 min past the hour)
Valid until next report issued
A02 - can decipher between types of precipitation.
Terminal Area Forecast
Predicted weather w/in 5 sm radius of airport
24 hr forecast issued 4 times daily
General weather over several states.
Issued 3 times daily.
Valid for 18 hrs (12 hr forecast + 6 hr outlook).
Winds & Temperatures Aloft (FD)
Issued 2 times daily.
Based on observations at 00Z and 12Z
No winds given if w/in 1,500' of station elevation.
No temp given if w/in 2,500' of station elevation.
Airmen's Meteorological Information
Weather hazards for small aircraft.
Issued every 6 hrs.
Valid for 6 hrs.
3 types: Sierra, Tango, Zulu
IFR conditions/mountain obscuration
mod turbulence/sustained SFC winds > 30 kts
mod icing/freezing level heights
Weather hazards for all aircraft
Issued as required.
Valid for 4 hrs.
Severe turbulence, icing, dust/sandstorms and volcanic ash w/ reduced vis < 3 sm
Day VFR required equipment
Anti-collision lights (beacon, taxi)
Oil pressure gauge
Manifold pressure gauge (constant speed propeller)
Temperature gauge (liquid cooled engines)
Oil temperature gauge (air cooled engines)
Landing gear position indicator (if applicable)
Safety belts and harnesses
Night VFR required equipment
Fuses (spare set)
Landing light (aircraft for rent or hire)
Anti-collision lights (strobe)
Position lights (navigation lights)
Source of power (alternator or generator)
Issued by FAA to notify a/c owners of unsafe a/c conditions due to design defect, maintenance, or other causes.
Mandatory, you man y not overfly the max hour requirement.
Small a/c not for fire/compensation.
Completed w/in 12 calendar months (by last day of month).
Performed by Airframe and Powerplant Mechanic (A&P) with Inspector Authorization (IA) (A&P for 3 yrs w/ IA cert.).
May not be overflown without Special Flight Permit
100 Hour inspection
a/c <12,000 lbs carrying passengers/flight instruction.
Completed w/in 100 hr by A&P mechanic.
May be exceeded by 10 hrs if en route to inspection facility.
*Annual may replace 100 hr but not vice versa.
How often must transponders be inspected?
Every 24 calendar months.
How often must the Pitot-Static system be inspected?
Every 24 calendar months.
How often must the ELT and battery be inspected?
Every 12 months.
The battery must be replaced after 1/2 of useful life or after 1 hr consecutive use.
Where may Maintenance records/inspection compliance be found?
In maintenance Logbooks.
What are a student pilot's limitations as regarding passengers, property for hire, and business?
May not act as PIC carrying passengers.
May not carry property for compensation/hire.
May not act in furtherance of business.
What are student pilot airspace limitations?
Requires 3 sm day vis, 5 sm night vis.
Visual reference of the surface
May not fly in Class B w/out training/logbook endorsement.
Fitness for Flight
12,500' to 14,000' MSL if > 30 min, pilots must use O2
> 14,000' MSL pilots must use O2
> 15,000' MSL passengers and pilots must use O2
Perception of direction does not correlate with reality
Correction: Trust the instruments
Power to idle
Rudder opposite direction of spin
Class A Airspace
(Not depicted on sectional charts)
w/in 12 nm of coast
18,000' MSL to 60,000' MSL
IFR only (no vis/cloud clearance requirements)
Class B Airspace
(Solid blue line)
Upside down wedding cake
30 nm mode C veil
2-way radio, Mode C transponder w/ alt encoding
Must be "cleared to enter Class B airspace" by ATC
3 sm visibility, clear of couds
Class C Airspace
(Solid magenta line)
2-way radio and mode C transponder
5 nm inner core from SFC to 4,000' AGL
10 nm outer shelf from 1,200' to 4,000' AGL
Must contact approach prior to entry
Must hear full callsign to enter airspace
20 nm outer area - should contact ATC
3 sm visibility, 1/5&2 w/ 1,000' ceiling
Class D Airspace
(Dashed blue line)
From SFC to 2,500' AGL
Lateral dimensions dependent on instrument approaches to the airport
Has control tower, but no radar services
Must have contact with radio tower to enter
3 sm visibility, 1/5&2
Class E Airspace
(Dashed magenta or shaded magenta/blue)
Dashed magenta: SFC to overlying airspace
Shaded magenta: 700' AGL to overlying airspace
Shaded blue: 1,200' AGL to overlying airspace
If no airspace lines depicted on chart, Class E from 1,200' AGL to 17,999' MSL
Below 10,000' MSL: 3 sm visibility, 1/5&2
Above 10,000' MSL: 5 sm visibility, 1/1&1
Class G Airspace
(Not depicted on sectional charts)
SFC to 700'/1,200' AGL
Underlies Class E airspace
SFC to 1,200' AGL: Day (1 sm vis, 1/5&2); Night (3 sm vis, 1/5&2)
1,200' AGL to 10,000' MSL: Day (1 sm vis, 1/5&2); Night (3 sm vis, 1/5&2)
Above 10,000' MSL: 5 sm vis, 1/5&2
Established for security or other reasons associated with national welfare. Published in the Federal Register and are depicted on aeronautical charts.
Denote unusual, often invisible hazards to aircraft such as artillery firing, aerial gunnery, or guided missiles. An a/c may not enter without permission from the controlling agency. Depicted on charts and published in the Federal Register
May contain hazards to nonparticipating a/c in international airspace. The activities may be much the same as those for a restricted area. Warning areas are established beyond the 3-mile limit. Depicted on aeronautical charts.
Military Operation Area (MOA)
Established for the purpose of separating certain military training activity from IFR traffic. No restriction of operating VFR, however, a pilot should be alert for acrobatic or abrupt maneuvers.
Advise pilots that a high volume of pilot training or unusual aerial activity is taking place.
Controlled Firing Area
Activities possibly hazardous to nonparticipating aircraft. Activities must be suspended when a spotter a/c, radar, or ground lookout position indicates an a/c might be approaching the area.
Airport Advisory Area
An area within 10 sm of an airport where a control tower is not operating, but where a flight service station (FSS) is located. At these locations, the FSS provides advisory service to arriving and departing aircraft
Military Training Route (MTR)
Developed to allow the military to conduct low-altitude, highspeed training. Above 1,500' AGL, flown primarily under IFR, lower than 1,500' AGL, VFR. Routes appear on charts as "instrument (IR) or visual (VR).
Temporary Flight Restriction
A NOTAM that begins with "FLIGHT RESTRICITONS" followed by the location, effective time period, area defined in sm, altitudes affected, FAA coordination facility, telephone number, and reason for the restriction.
Parachute Jump Area
Published in the Airport/Facility Directory. Sites that are used frequently appear on sectional charts.
Published VFR Routes
For transitioning around, under, or through some complex airspace, also called, "VFR flyway", VFR corridor", Class B airspace, "VFR transition route", and terminal area VFR route.
National Security Area
Established where there is a requirement for increased security and safety of ground facilities. Pilots are requested to voluntarily avoid flying through these depicted areas. When necessary, flight may be temporarily prohibited.
Terminal Radar Service Area (TRSA)
Areas where participating pilots can receive additional radar services. The purpose of the service is to provide separation between all IFR operations and participating VFR a/c. Primary airports within TRSA become Class D airspace. The remainder of the TRSA is normally Class E beginning at 700 or 1,200'.
Servicing (Electrical system)
14 V system powered by 14 V DC 35 amp alternator which charges a 12 V, 25 amp-hour lead-acid battery. Max continuous alternator output is 32 amps.
How long should you wait to reset a tripped circuit breaker?
After a minimum of two minutes of cooling time have elapsed.
What are the three flap positions?
10, 25, and 40 degrees.
What are the two trip controls?
Pitch trim through an anti-servo tab (moves in the same direction as flight control) on the stabilator and rudder trim.
Where are the three fuel sumps?
One under each wing and one under the fuel filter.
In what weight category only may steep turns be performed?
What is the max gross weight?
What is the max baggage/rear seat capacity?
What is the max crosswind component?
Recommended textbook explanations
Fundamentals of Electric Circuits
Charles Alexander, Matthew Sadiku
Engineering Mechanics: Statics
Mechanics of Materials
Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach
Yunus A. Cengel
Sets with similar terms
Falcon 2000 Classic Limitations
Other sets by this creator
Nutrition Chapter 7 and 15
Nutrition 101 Exam 3
Nutrition 101 Exam 2 study guide
Other Quizlet sets
ch 13- social organization
Gift of Prophecy Final
Sports Medicine Final