Ling cramming in 2.5 hours
Terms in this set (14)
What are the thematic roles in linguistics?
agent (what performs an action), theme (what undergoes an action), source (starting point for a movement), goal (end point for a movement), location (where an action occurs)
The /courier carried the /document from /Atlanta to /Seattle
agent, theme, source, goal
What do you do with thematic roles?
For prepositions, write them under the P and draw an arrow to NP.
For verbs it'll be theme or agent, and theme'll go to the complement (usually the direct object) and agent goes to the subject
In general, you take the word that assigns a role (so "at" [because it implies a location], "purchased" [because it implies someone is purchasing something], etc.) and write the thematic roles it creates under this word and draw an arrow from these roles to the words that fit these roles
What do you do with thematic roles if you have movement?
So after you rearrange the sentence and before you start erasing/adding t's assign roles, then move w/e but don't change the role position
What are the 4 conversational maxims?
quality, quantity, relevance, manner
What is the maxim of quality?
What is the maxim of quantity?
say as much as is appropriate, don't ignore parts of a question or ramble
maxim of relevance
maxim of manner
don't be ambiguous, be clear (can I go outside / maybe)
How do you determine what's part of one constituent?
substitution test: replace NP's with "it"
What are the semantic relationships between sentences?
truth, mean the same thing (paraphrase), one is implied by the other (entailment), they (contradict)
What is an oblique?
A noun that are objects of verbs or prepositions (him)
What are the appropriateness conditions?
propositional content (need to use right words)
preparatory condition (has to be in the right situation)
sincerity condition (speaker must be sincere)
essential condition (participants must share same attention)
What are some of the common historical changes?
assimilation (place/manner of articulation, palatalization/affrication, nasalization)
dissimilation, epenthesis, metathesis
weakening/deletion (vowel reduction, consonant degemination, voicing, frication, then deletion)
consonant strengthening-glide strengthening
Phonological changes = splits (n to ng thing), mergers (caught/cot), shifts (great vowel shift)