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Comma Test Rules
Terms in this set (47)
items in a series
use a comma to separate items in a series
ex: Jones, Smith, and Jackson presented an interesting report.
ex: The novel is available in print, on audio tape, and on video cassette.
adjectives before a noun
use a comma to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun
ex: The big, white, shaggy dog was sleeping.
use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, and yet when they join two simple sentences together.
ex: Pete went to the movies, but Joe went home.
use commas to set off nonessential clauses and phrases (elements embedded in the sentence that interrupt it without changing the essential meaning.)
ex: John Smith, who often skips school, should be expelled.
use a comma after words such as well, yes, no, why, oh, etc. when they begin a sentence
ex: Yes, I think I can go.
introductory adjective phrase
use a comma after an introductory adjective phrase
ex: Terrified, the mouse ran behind the cupboard.
ex: Pausing for a moment, the girl turned and left.
introductory prepositional phrases
use a comma after a succession of introductory prepositional phrases
get through all prepositions first
ex: In the solitude of that snowy December night, we became good friends.
ex: At the end of the road on the west side of the train station, the elderly couple sold produce each summer.
introductory dependent clause
use a comma after an introductory dependent clause
ex: Because he kept barking insistently, we threw the ball for Smokey.
Clue: Introductory clauses start with adverbs like after, although, as, because, before, if, since, though, until, when, etc.
use commas to set off appositives (a noun or pronoun--often with modifiers--set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it.)
ex: Professor Jones, my history instructor, dismissed the class early.
use commas to set off names used in direct address
ex: Joe, please hand me the newspaper.
use commas to set off parenthetical expressions
ex: The meeting was, in my opinion, very productive.
dates and addresses
use a comma to separate items in dates and addresses
ex: The house at 100 West 67th Street, Baltimore, Maryland, 21210 was sold on January 3, 2009.
A group of words containing a subject and a verb. This is called a ___________________?
Independent and dependent.
The two major types of clauses are ___________________________ and ______________________________.
What is another name for a simple sentence?
adjective and adverb
Name the two types of dependent clauses.
who, whom, whose, that, which
What are the five relative pronoun
Study examples of subordinating conjunctions (answer: Ok)
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