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LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 8 Lessons 1/2/3/4 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (18)
The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials.
The process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism.
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism which differs from both parents.
The mistaken idea that living things arise from nonliving sources.
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food.
An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by consuming other living things.
The process of grouping things based on their similarities.
The scientific study of how living things are classified.
The classification system in which each organism is given a unique, two-part scientific name indicating its genus and species.
A classification grouping that consists of a number of similar, closely related species.
A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce.
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and some other cell structures.
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus.
Change in a species over time; the process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms by means of natural selection.
Branching tree diagram
A diagram that shows probable evolutionary relationships among organisms and the order in which specific characteristics may have evolved.
Shared derived characteristics
A characteristic or trait, such as fur, that the common ancestor of a group had passed on to its descendants.
The process by which unrelated organisms evolve similar characteristics.
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