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Terms in this set (107)
nineteenth-century Americans tended to believe that in world affairs the United States?
had a special mission
during the first hundred years after independence, American foreign policy was concerned primarily with?
as a factor in its foreign policy during the late nineteenth century, the United States?
indicated its interest in building an American-controlled canal in Nicaragua
an important factor in promoting the shift in American foreign policy after the Civil War was?
the search for markets for American products
an increase in American international commerce during the late nineteenth century necessitated?
a strong navy
the historian who developed the theses that "the dominant fact in American life has been expansion" was?
Frederick J. Turner
in the Venezuela boundary dispute, the United States?
invoked the Monroe Doctrine
during the 1890s, a group of men led by Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge?
promoted a highly nationalistic foreign policy for the United States
a major advocate for achieving national power through naval supremacy was?
Alfred T. Mahan
an important event influencing the United States' decision to declare war on Spain in 1898 was the?
sinking of the battleship Maine
between the Civil War and the Spanish-American War, an important aspect of the missionary impulse in American foreign policy was?
a belief in the superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race
Theodore Roosevelt's attitude concerning war with Spain in 1898 was to?
promote war with Spain
a favorite target of Christian missionaries in the late nineteenth century was?
American acquisition of the colonies after the Spanish-American War?
led to considerable controversy over the policy
the major argument used by those opposed to the annexation of the Philippines was that?
it contradicted the republican traditions of the United States
in the election of 1900?
the public supported McKinley's decision to annex the Philippines
in 1906, Theodore Roosevelt won the Novel Peace Prize for?
ending the Russo-Japanese war
in establishing US policy toward the Caribbean, Theodore Roosevelt?
projected the United States as the policemen for the region
in acquiring the right to build a canal across Panama, the United States?
helped facilitate a Panamanian revolution against Colombia
Theodore Roosevelt's approach to foreign policy can best be described as?
in developing his foreign policy toward the Caribbean, Theodore Roosevelt announced a corollary to the Mondroe Doctrine. A corollary is an?
relations between the United States and China were complicated during the Theodore Roosevelt administration because?
the United States excluded Chinese immigrants
one purpose of the Open Door Policy was to?
ensure American trade opportunities in China
the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine was announced to?
justify American intervention in the Dominican Republic
in the "insular cases," the Supreme Court determined that?
congress could treat some people under American control differently than it treated others
acquisition of the Philippine Islands by the United States?
led to querilla warfare against American control
one of the factors that promoted America's search for new markets between 1865 and 1900 was?
industrial and agricultural overproduction
an early twentieth-century professional woman committed to solving the social problems of American society was?
in general, social justice progressives?
stressed the environmental causes of vice
in their effort to organize American workers during the Progressive Era, the International Workers of the World?
proposed union tactics that many Americans considered radical
during the Progressive Era, those who wanted to reform the American city?
tried to limit the power of city bosses
the American Federation of Labor, not the Industrial Workers of the World, became the dominant American labor movement because the?
AFL appealed more to traditional American values
the chief aim of municipal reform during the Progressive Era was to?
make the city more organized and efficient for the business and professional classes
as a leader dring the Progressive Era, Theodore Roosevelt?
was the first president to listen to the pleas of progressives and invite them to the White House
for blacks, the Progressive Era?
coincided with the years of greatest segregation in the South
a municial reformer would be most concerned with problems associated with?
the anarchist who assassinated President McKinley in 1901 would have advocated?
elimination of federal and state government in the United States
many of the progressives in the United States were influenced by ethnocentrism, which was a part of their generation's worldview. Ethnocentrism implies?
that one's own culture is superior to other cultures
during his first administration, President Wilson?
opposed a women's suffrage amendment to the Constitution
creation of the Federal Reserve System during the Wilson administration?
represented the first reorganization in the banking system since the Civil War
an issue of particular importance to Theodore Roosevelt was?
the novelist whose work helped encourage passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act was?
in the anthracite strike of 1902, Theodore Roosevelt?
saw his role as that of a mediator
in Wisconsin, the progressive reform movement?
provided a model for other states to follow
at the state and local levels, progressive reformers usually called for?
greater direct participation of the voters in the political process
a key figure in applying the principles of scientific management to industrial work was?
as a result of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire of 1911?
New York state abolished labor by children under 14
between 1897 and 1914, trade unions in the United States?
increased in membership
a leader in the crusade agaisnt child labor was?
progressive era reformers, in their efforts to aid the working class?
frequently had little understanding of working-class life
in their crusade to improve the conditions of the poor in America, the social justice progressives?
generally supported prohibition of alcohol consumption
in the case of Muller v Oregon, the Supreme Court determined that laws limiting the number of hours women could work were constitutional because?
women were weaker than men
the muckrakers were important in the progressive movement because they?
publicized what they believed were the problems in American society
the event that caused the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was?
the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
in 1914, the general American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe was?
relief that the United States was uninvolved
important in creating an atmosphere favorable for the United States' entry into World War I was?
the Zimmermann note
the advisor who recommended prohibiting Americans from traveling on belligerent ships was?
William Jennings Bryan
in terms of its effect on domestic affairs in the United States, World War I resulted in?
restrictions on freedom of speech
important in the United States' decision to ender World War I was?
the use of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany
in its effort to mobilize the American economy for the war effort during World War I, the Wilson administration?
used the power of the government to control scarce materials
most historians consider Wilson's decision to exclude Henry Cabot Lodge from the negotiations at the Paris Peace Congerence to have been?
a political mistake
many historians consider it ironic that in the election of 1916 the Democrats used a slogan implying that Wilson had kept the United States out of war because?
soon after the election he asked for a declaration of war against Germany
prior to 1915 the United States government restricted American investors from making loans to belligerent countries. belligerent means that a country?
is at war with another country
an important legacy of World War I for American society was that it?
stimulated pride and patriotism
the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I?
failed to obtain approval from the United States Senate
in comparison with the European leaders at the Paris Peace Conference, President Wilson can be characterized as more?
President Wilson decided to lead the American delegation to the negotiations in Paris in 1918 because he?
believed that only he could bring peace to the world
Wilson based his plan for peace among the warring nations on?
the Fourteen Points
according to information collected by the US government, American soldiers who served in WWI?
were generally poorly educated and unsophisticated
by 1918, those who opposed the women's suffrage movement?
argued that it would defeminize women
one important impact of WWI on American society was?
an increase in federal authority over the economy
in financing American involvement in WWI, the Wilson administration?
increased taxes and borrowing
American soldiers who participated in WWI?
except for blacks, served in separate units under American commanders
by the time that the US decided to enter WWI?
fighting in western Europe had become a bloody stalemate
during WWI, the black soldier?
was seldom treated equally or fairly by the white American soldiers
when the US entered WWI, black leader WEB Du Bois?
urged blacks to support the war
the shift in American public opinion in favor of an allied victory in WWI occurred when?
Germany sank the Lusitania
President Wilson wanted to keep the United States out of WWI because he?
believed he might control the peace negotiations
during WWI, Germany attempted to resist the British blockade of the sea routes to Germany by?
use of submarines
at the beginning of WWI, President Wilson?
declared a policy of neutrality
for blacks like the Parker family, WWI provided?
new opportunities in the North
in the 1920s, the enthusiasm for social progress of the war years?
the tensions and hostilities evident in the US during the 1920s can be partially explained by?
the fear among native-born Americans that foreigners were destroying the American way of life
public reaction to the series of strikes that occurred in the US during 1919 tended to?
blame the communists for the unrest
during the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan?
stressed religious as well as racial nativism
during the "red scare" of 1919, the Attorney General of the US?
violated the rights of many Americans suspected of being communists
the outcome of the Sacco-Vanzetti case indicated?
an unreasoned fear of foreigners and radicals
the first organization to perfect that assembly line and mass-production technology was the?
Ford Motor Company
during the 1920s, American cities?
experienced considerable suburban expansion
an important leader in the black-pride movement during the 1920s was?
during the 1920s, most of the novelists who achieved lasting importance?
criticized values prevailing in America during the decade
the Harlem Renaissance is a term that refers to?
black American intellectuals and artists who stressed black pride
intolerance during the 1920s in the US was reflected in the?
passage of restrictive immigration laws
during the 1920s, the US government?
was often influenced by the wealthy
during the 1920s, progressivism in the US?
persisted despite an unfavorable environment
during he 1920s, American foreign polcy?
reluctantly accepted international power
as president, Warren Harding can best be described as?
reflecting the conservatism of the 1920s
the American author who, during the 1920s, wrote The Great Gatsby, a novel critical of the Amercan success myth, was?
F. Scott Fitzgerald
the Scopes trial indicated that the most important challenge within early twentieth-century American religion was?
the struggle between the fundamentalists and evolutionists
the 1920s represented a period in American history when?
a new culture of consumption and pleasure clashed with traditional values
an important aspect of the communications revolution that occurred during the 1920s was the?
expanded use of the telephone
in economic terms, the period of the 1920s in the US could be characterized as?
a second industrial revolution
an iportant factor in changing American lifestyles during the 1920s was?
widespread use of the automobile
during the 1920s, businesses in the US?
saw the emergence of a new kind of manager
during the 1920s in the US?
the aemrican diet improved
an important change in the lifestyle of the American people during the 1920s was brought about by?
improved bathroom facilities
the "red scare" during the 1920s refers to?
American fears of communist influence in the US
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